Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Status of a national monitoring program for environmental radioactivity and investigation of artificial radionuclide concentrations (134Cs, 137Cs, 131I) in rivers and lakes
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Analytical Science and Technology
  • Volume 28, Issue 6,  2015, pp.377-384
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Analytical Science
  • DOI : 10.5806/AST.2015.28.6.377
 Title & Authors
Status of a national monitoring program for environmental radioactivity and investigation of artificial radionuclide concentrations (134Cs, 137Cs, 131I) in rivers and lakes
Kim, Jiyu; Jung, Hyun-ji; An, Mijeong; Hong, Jung-Ki; Kang, Taegu; Kang, Tae-Woo; Cho, Yoon-Hae; Han, Yeong-Un; Seol, Bitna; Kim, Wansuk; Kim, Kyunghyun;
  PDF(new window)
A survey of the artificial radionuclides in rivers and lakes was conducted to investigate their levels in surface water. Water samples were collected at 60 points and analyzed by gamma-ray spectrometry with a measurement time of 10,000 seconds for 134Cs, 137Cs, and 131I. The obained values were lower than MDA for all points, except one point for 131I that was 0.533±0.058 Bq/L. 131I is known as a radioactive material that occurs frequently in sewage treatment plants. Because it is often used for medical treatments and subject to spreading into the environment due to the excretion from the patients. For the point where 131I was detected, we conducted additional investigation on the upstream river point and the effluent points of nearby sewage treatment plant to find the source of 131I. 131I was not detected at the upstream points of one of the upstream sewage treatment plants but found at the downstream points with the level being 0.257±0.034 to 0.799±0.051 Bq/L, proving the sewage treatment plant was the 131Isource.
Artificial radionuclides;;;;Environmental monitoring;
 Cited by
남한강수계 하천 퇴적물 시료 중 137Cs 분포,김지유;강태우;홍정기;안미정;장채원;김경현;한영운;강태구;

분석과학, 2016. vol.29. 6, pp.293-299 crossref(new window)
감마분광분석을 이용한 환경 중 방사성요오드(131I)의 측정 불확도에 관한 사례 연구,조윤해;설빛나;민경옥;김완석;이준배;이수형;

대한환경공학회지, 2016. vol.38. 1, pp.42-46 crossref(new window)
A Case Study about Counting Uncertainty of Radioactive Iodine (131I) in Public Waters by Using Gamma Spectrometry, Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers, 2016, 38, 1, 42  crossref(new windwow)
The distribution of137Cs activities in sediment samples of South-Han River basin, Analytical Science and Technology, 2016, 29, 6, 293  crossref(new windwow)
NOAA,, Assessed 11 Mar. 2011.

INES, ‘Rating on the Events in Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station by the Tohoku District-off the Pacific Ocean Earthquake’, pp. 3-5, METI, Japan, 2011.

N. Kinoshita, K. Sueki, K. Sasa, J. Kitagawa, S. Ikarashi, T. Nishimura, Y. S. Wong, Y. Satou, K. Handa, T. Takahashi, M. Sato and T. Yamagata, P. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA., 108(49), 19526-19529 (2011). crossref(new window)

NRA, ‘Materials were reported to the Nuclear Safety and Security Commission’, No. 77, Japan, 2011.

P. Thakur, S. Ballard and R. Nelson, Sci. Environ., 458-460, 577-613 (2013).

KINS, ‘Environmental Radioactivity Survey Data in Korea’, KINS/ER-028, 88-90, 2011.

V. Valkovic, ‘Radioactivity in the Environment’, ISBN 0-444-82954-7, p468-474, Elsever, Netherlands, 2000.

WHO, ‘Health Risk Assessment from the Nuclear Accident after the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami, based on a Preliminary Dose Estimation’, p17-24, ISBN 978-92-4-150513-0, Japan, 2013.

CODEX, 'General Standard for Contaminants and Toxins in Food and Feed', p2-53, CODEX STAN 193-1995, USA, 1995.

Ministry of Food and Drug Safety,, Assessed 26 Mar. 2011.

Ministry of Food and Drug Safety Notification No. 2012-128 (2012.06.21), Standards and Specifications for Foods.

USEPA,, Assessed 29 Oct. 2015.

NRA,, Assessed 1 Jan. 2000.

Ministry of Environment, 'Study Group Report on the Constant Monitoring of Radioactive Substances', Japan, 2013.

IRSN, 'Report on the Radiological State of the Environment in France in 2010-2011', pp. 6-29, BP 182, France, 2014.

Nuclear Safety and Security Commission Act No. 13078 (2015.01.20), Republic of Korea.

KRISS, 'An Establishment of Standard Operating Procedure for Radioactive Materials in Public Waters', pP. 5-40, 2014.

Ministry of Environment Act No.10272 (2010.04.15.), Republic of Korea.

Ministry of Environment Notification No. 2014-160 (2014.09.03), Republic of Korea.

L. A. Currie, Am. Chem. Soc. Publ., 40(3), 586-593 (1968).

G. R. Gilmore, ‘Practical Gamma-ray Spectrometry’, 2nd Ed., ISBN 978-0-470-86196-7, p114-129, Wiley, USA, 2008.

E. S. Jang, Korean Soc. Radiol., 5(1), 5-10 (2011). crossref(new window)

M. H. Lee, H. S. Shin, K. H. Hong, Y. H. Cho and C. W. Lee, J. Radiat. Prot., 24(3), 171-184 (1999).

ATSDR, ‘Toxicological Profile for Cesium’, PB2004-104397, p2-4, USA, 2004.

T. Kanjimoto, S. Endo, T. Naganuma and K. Shizuma, Kyoto Univ. Res. React. Inst., 2(8), 1-5 (2012).

EPA, 'Radioactivity of municipal sludge', 823R86101, p1-25, USA, 1986.

ATSDR, 'Radiation Exposure from Iodine 131', SS3117, p5-7, USA, 2008.

B. U. Chang, S. W. Choi, M. H. Song, J. S. Lee and Y. J. Kim, Radiat. Prot. Dosim., 146(1-3), 318-321 (2011). crossref(new window)

Y. Oura and M. Ebihara, Geochem J., 46, 303-309 (2012). crossref(new window)

S. Nagao, M. Kanamori, S. Ochiai, K. Suzuki and M. Yamamoto, Prog. Nucl. Sci. Technol., 4, 9-13 (2014). crossref(new window)

P. S. Rose, J. P. Smith, J. K. Cochran, R. C. Aller and R. L. Swanson, Sci. Total Environ., 452-453, 87-97 (2013). crossref(new window)

F. Jimnez, L. Debn, R. Pardo, R. Lpez and M. G. Talavera, Spain, Water Air Soil Poll., 217, 515-521 (2011). crossref(new window)

F. Jimnez, R. Lpez, R. Pardo, L. Debn and M. G. Talavera, Radiat. Meas., 46, 104-108 (2011). crossref(new window)

H. W. Fischer, S. Ulbrich, D. Pittauerova and B. Hettwig, J. Environ. Radioactiv., 100, 1079-1085 (2009). crossref(new window)

T. Yasutaka, Y. Kawabe, A. Kurosawa and T. Komai, Kyoto Univ. Res. React. Inst., 2(17), 1-4 (2012).

M. Malta, J. M. Oliveira, L. Silva and F. P. Carvalho, J. Integr. Coast. Zone Manage., 13(4), 399-408 (2013).

O. Connan, E. Tessier, D. Maro, D. Amouroux, D. Hebert, M. Rozet, C. Voiseux and L. Solier, J. Environ. Radioactiv., 99, 1102-1110 (2008). crossref(new window)

J. A. Sanchez-Cabeza, L. Pujol, J. Merino, J. M. Bruach and J. Molero, Water Air Soil Poll., 118, 339-356 (2000). crossref(new window)