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Patient and Hospital Characteristics of Long-Stay Admissions in Long-Term Care Hospitals in Korea
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  • Journal title : Health Policy and Management
  • Volume 26, Issue 1,  2016, pp.39-50
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Health Policy and Administration
  • DOI : 10.4332/KJHPA.2016.26.1.39
 Title & Authors
Patient and Hospital Characteristics of Long-Stay Admissions in Long-Term Care Hospitals in Korea
Jeon, Boyoung; Kim, Hongsoo; Kwon, Soonman;
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Background: This study examined patient and hospital factors related to long-stay admissions in long-term care hospitals (LTCHs) among older people in Korea. Methods: We analyzed health insurance claims data, entitlement data, and institutional administrative data from the National Health Insurance Service databases between 2010 and 2012. At the patient level, we compared characteristics of patients staying in LTCHs for over 180 days (the long-stay group) with those staying in LTCHs for less than 90 days during a calendar year. At the hospital level, we examined the general characteristics and staffing levels of the top 10% of hospitals with the highest proportion of patients whose length of stay (LOS) was 180+ days (the hospitals with long-stay patients) and compared them with the top 10% of hospitals with the highest proportions of patients whose LOS was less than 90 days (hospitals with shorter-stay patients). Results: The long-stay group accounted for about 40% of all LTCH patients. People in the group were more likely to be women, aged 80+, living alone, and experiencing more than two health conditions. Compared to the hospitals with shorter-stay patients, those with long-stay patients were more likely to be occupied by patients with behavior problems and/or impaired cognition, owned by corporate or local governments, have more beds and a longer period of operation, and deliver services with lower staffing levels. Conclusion: This study found long-stay older people in LTCHs and those in LTCHs with high proportions of long-stay older patients had several distinct characteristics compared to their counterparts designated in this study. Patient and hospital characteristics need to be considered in policies aiming to resolve long-stay admissions problems in LTCHs.
Length of stay;Long-term care;Aged;
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