Publisher : The Korean Society for Composite Materials
DOI : 10.7234/composres.2016.29.2.073
Title & Authors
Evaluation of the Impact Behavior of Inline Disk Wheel Made of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Composites Kwon, Hye-In; Lee, Sang-Jin; Shin, Kwang-Bok;
In this paper, The concept of a wheel with carbon fiber composite is to replace the conventional material used for a wheel hub, such as plastic, with a disk-type hub made of carbon fabric and epoxy resin. The impact load from the ground under real conditions was considered; a low-velocity impact test was conducted to evaluate the impact performance of the carbon wheel and compare it with that of a conventional plastic wheel. This study applied a 70 J impact load as a test condition. The impact energy was controlled in the test by adjustment of height and weight of impactor. The use of a carbon disk wheel hub was confirmed to reduce weight and generate an excellent repulsive force at low energy under conditions similar to real driving conditions. The results showed that the maximum load increased proportionally depending on the impact load, but the growth of the maximum load was reduced at a 20 J impact load and tended to decrease at a 45 J impact load. The carbon wheel showed excellent properties ; the level of rebounding was 35.3% and 19.1% of the total impact energy at impact loads of 5 J and 10 J, respectively. On the other hand, the carbon disk wheel rebounded less than 5% of the total energy due to crack generation of the thin carbon hub for impact loads of more than 20 J.
Kim, W.-D. and Hong, D.-J., "Design of an Aircraft Composite Window Frame Using VaRTM Process", J. Korean Society for Composite Materials, Vol. 19, No. 6, 2006, pp. 1-7.
Shin, K.-B., Ko, H.-Y., and Cho, S.-H., "A Study on Crashworthiness and Rollover Characteristics of Low-Floor Bus made of Honeycomb Sandwich Composites", J. Korean Society for Composite Materials, Vol. 21, No. 1, 2008, pp. 22-29.
Kim, J.-S., Jeong, J.-C., and Lee, S.-J., "An Experimental Study on the Hybrid Composite Carbody Structure", J. Korean Society for Composite Materials, Vol. 18, No. 6, 2005, pp. 19-25.
Kim, M.-S., Han, D.-C., Kim, S.-J., and Lee, W.-I., "Optimization of Stacking Sequence for Composite Golf Club Shafts", J. Korean Society for Composite Materials, Vol. 20, No. 1, 2007, pp. 1-7.
Lee, B.S., "Design and Manufacture of CFRP Pipe for Bicycle Frame", J. Korean Society of Precision Engineering, Vol. 20, No. 6, 2003, pp. 130-137.
Cheong, S.K., Kang, K.W., and Jeong, S.K., "Evaluation of the Mechanical Performance of Golf Shafts", Engineering Failure Analysis, Vol. 13, 2006, pp. 464-473.
Lessar B. Larry, James A. Memes and Patrick L. Lizotte, "Utilization of FEA in the Design of Composite Bicycle Frames", Composites, Vol. 26, No. 1, 1995, pp. 72-74.
Cesin Atas and Onur Sayman, "An Overall View on Impact Response of Woven Fabric Composite Plate", Composite Structure, Vol. 82, 2008, pp. 336-345.
Cesin Atas and Dahsin Liu, "Impact Response of Woven Composites with Small Weaving Angles", International Journal of Impact Engineering, Vol. 35, 2008, pp. 80-97.