An analytic study on the hull characteristics of ship accidents at low capsizing speeds Choi, Soon-Man;
The capsizing speed of an unstable vessel with a lost restoring moment can be understood as a unique response to an accident situation, and is naturally affected by such parameters as moment of inertia, metacentric height, and transverse damping coefficient of the hull in the case of free roll motion. Additionally, it is supposed that the analysis of capsize accidents can be further simplified when a vessel's leaning velocity is shown to be quite low. Therefore, capsize accidents with low leaning speeds are desirably categorized in view of rescuing strategies, as opposed to fast capsize accidents, since the attitude of the declining hull can be properly estimated, which allows rescuers to have more time for helping accident cases. This study focuses on deriving some analytical equations based on the roll decay ratio parameter, which describes how a hull under a low-speed capsize is related to the situational hull characteristics. The suggested equations are applied to a particular ship to disclose the analytical responses from the model ship. It was confirmed that the results show the general characteristics of slow capsizing ships.
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