Performance analysis of an organic Rankine cycle for ocean thermal energy conversion system according to pinch point temperature difference Kim, Jun-Seong; Kim, Do-Yeop; Kang, Ho-Keun; Kim, You-Taek;
An organic Rankine cycle for ocean thermal energy conversion system is a generating cycle using the temperature difference between surface water and deep water of the ocean. The working fluid is an important factor in the thermodynamic performance of an organic Rankine cycle. There is pinch point analysis as thermodynamic analysis of an organic Rankine cycle. This study performed a thermodynamic performance analysis according to variation in the pinch point temperature difference in heat exchangers and variation of outlet temperature of heat source and heat sink. It analyzed the thermodynamic performance by applying seven types of simple working fluids in a simple Rankine cycle for ocean thermal energy conversion that was designed according to pinch point analysis. As a result of the performance analysis, cycle irreversibility and total exergy destruction factor more decreased, and second law efficiency more increased in the lower pinch point temperature difference and temperature variation of heat source and heat sink in heat exchangers. In addition, the irreversibility changed greatly at a point that occurred in the thermodynamic variation. Among the selected working fluids, RE245fa2 showed the best thermodynamic performance, and the performance of all working fluids was observed to be similar. It needs a strict theoretical basis about diverse factors with thermodynamic performances in selecting heat exchangers and working fluids.
Ocean thermal energy conversion;Organic Rankine cycle;Pinch point temperature difference;Working fluid;Second law efficiency;
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