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Effects of Young Children`s Multiple Intelligences and Temperament on their Play Behaviors
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 Title & Authors
Effects of Young Children`s Multiple Intelligences and Temperament on their Play Behaviors
Cha, Hye Kyung; Shin, Nary;
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of children`s multiple intelligences and temperaments on their play behaviors. In order to achieve this, 155 mothers and 21 teachers of children aged 4 to 6 years old were invited to participate in an observe-reported survey. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Cronbach`s , Pearson`s correlation, and hierarchical regression analysis using SPSS version 18.0. It was found that both multiple intelligences and temperament types have partial influences on play behaviors of young children; it was confirmed that among multiple intelligences of children, logical-mathematical intelligence influences onlooker behaviors in a positive way, body-kinesthetic intelligence has a positive effect on rough-and-tumble play, and musical intelligence positively affects social play during free-choice play. Also, children with a difficult temperament were more likely to participate in solitary play than children with a slow temperament. These results imply that teachers` guidance and involvement of children`s play should differ by types of temperament and levels of multiple intelligence in children.
Young Children;Multiple Intelligences;Temperament;Play Behaviors;
 Cited by
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