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Application of Nonlinear Ultrasonic Method for Monitoring of Stress State in Concrete
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 Title & Authors
Application of Nonlinear Ultrasonic Method for Monitoring of Stress State in Concrete
Kim, Gyu Jin; Park, Sun Jong; Kwak, Hyo Gyoung;
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As the lifespan of concrete structures increases, their load carrying capacity decreases owing to cyclic loads and long-term effects such as creep and shrinkage. For these reasons, there is a necessity for stress state monitoring of concrete members. Particularly, it is necessary to evaluate the concrete structures for behavioral changes by using a technique that can overcome the measuring limitations of usual ultrasonic nondestructive evaluation methods. This paper proposes the use of a nonlinear ultrasonic method, namely, nonlinear resonant ultrasonic spectroscopy (NRUS) for the measurement of nonlinearity parameters for stress monitoring. An experiment compared the use of NRUS method and a linear ultrasonic method, namely, ultrasonic pulse velocity (UPV) to study the effects of continuously increasing loads and cyclic loads on the nonlinearity parameter. Both NRUS and UPV methods found a similar direct relationship between load level and that parameter. The NRUS method showed a higher sensitivity to micro-structural changes of concrete than UPV method. Thus, the experiment confirms the possibility of using the nonlinear ultrasonic method for stress state monitoring of concrete members.
Stress State Monitoring;Nonlinear Resonant Ultrasonic Spectroscopy (NRUS);Nonlinearity Parameter;Cyclic Load;Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity (UPV);
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