JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Application of Nonlinear Ultrasonic Method for Monitoring of Stress State in Concrete
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Application of Nonlinear Ultrasonic Method for Monitoring of Stress State in Concrete
Kim, Gyu Jin; Park, Sun Jong; Kwak, Hyo Gyoung;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
As the lifespan of concrete structures increases, their load carrying capacity decreases owing to cyclic loads and long-term effects such as creep and shrinkage. For these reasons, there is a necessity for stress state monitoring of concrete members. Particularly, it is necessary to evaluate the concrete structures for behavioral changes by using a technique that can overcome the measuring limitations of usual ultrasonic nondestructive evaluation methods. This paper proposes the use of a nonlinear ultrasonic method, namely, nonlinear resonant ultrasonic spectroscopy (NRUS) for the measurement of nonlinearity parameters for stress monitoring. An experiment compared the use of NRUS method and a linear ultrasonic method, namely, ultrasonic pulse velocity (UPV) to study the effects of continuously increasing loads and cyclic loads on the nonlinearity parameter. Both NRUS and UPV methods found a similar direct relationship between load level and that parameter. The NRUS method showed a higher sensitivity to micro-structural changes of concrete than UPV method. Thus, the experiment confirms the possibility of using the nonlinear ultrasonic method for stress state monitoring of concrete members.
 Keywords
Stress State Monitoring;Nonlinear Resonant Ultrasonic Spectroscopy (NRUS);Nonlinearity Parameter;Cyclic Load;Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity (UPV);
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
B. S. Jang, "What is a weathering?," Magazine of the Korea Concrete Institute, Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 111-113 (2003)

2.
D. E. Branson, "Deformation of Concrete Structures," McGraw-Hill, New York, pp. 127-130 (1977)

3.
A. H. Nilson, D. Darwin and C. W. Dolan, "Design of Concrete Structures," McGraw-Hill, New York, pp. 262-280 (2005)

4.
PCI Committee on Prestress Loss, "Recommendations of estimating prestress loss," Journal of PCI, Vol. 20, pp. 43-75 (1975)

5.
S. V. Kolluru, E. F. O'Neil, J. S. Popovics and S. P. Shah, "Crack propagation in flexural fatigue of concrete," Journal of Engineering Mechanics, Vol. 126, No. 9, pp. 891-898 (2000) crossref(new window)

6.
ACI Committee, "In-place methods to estimate concrete strength," Tech. Rep. 228. 1R-03, American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, Mich, USA (2003)

7.
P. Shokouhi and A. Zoega, "Surface wave velocity-stress relationship in uniaxially loaded concrete," ACI Materials Journal, No. 109-M14, pp. 141-148 (2012)

8.
I. Lillamand, J-F. Chaix, M-A. Ploix, V. Garnier, "Acoustoelastic effect in concrete material under uni-axial compressive loading," NDT&E International, Vol. 43, No. 5, pp. 655-660 (2010) crossref(new window)

9.
L. Brillouin, "Les tensions de radiation; leur interpretation en mecanique classique et en relativite," J. Phys. Radium, Vol. 6, No. 11, pp. 337-353 (1925) crossref(new window)

10.
P. Antonaci, C. L. E. Bruno, A. S. Gliozzi and M. Scalerandi, "Monitoring evolution of compressive damage in concrete with linear and nonlinear ultrasonic methods," Cement and Concrete Research, Vol. 40, No. 7, pp. 1106-1113 (2010) crossref(new window)

11.
R. A. Guyer and P. A. Johnson, "Nonlinear mesoscopic elasticity: evidence for a new class of materials," Physics Today, Vol. 52, Issue 4, pp. 30-36 (1999)

12.
H. J. Yim, S.-J. Park and H.-G. Kwak, "Nonlinear acoustic methods for nondestructive evaluation of damaged concrete structures," Journal of the Korea Institute for Structural Maintenance and Inspection, Vol. 17, No. 3, pp. 47-55 (2013)

13.
K.-Y. Jhang, "Nonlinear ultrasonic techniques for nondestructive assessment of micro damage in material: a review," International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 123-135 (2009)

14.
H. J. Yim, J. H. Kim, S.-J. Park and H.-G. Kwak, "Characterization of thermally damaged concrete using a nonlinear ultrasonic method," Cement and Concrete Research, Vol. 42, pp. 1438-1446 (2012) crossref(new window)

15.
S.-J. Park, H. J. Yim and H.-G. Kwak, "Evaluation of microcracks in thermal damaged concrete using nonlinear ultrasonic modulation technique," Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute, Vol. 24, No. 6, pp. 651-658 (2012) crossref(new window)

16.
J. Chen, A. R. Jayapalan, J.-Y. Kim, K. E. Kurtis and L. J. Jacobs, "Rapid evaluation of alkali-silica reactivity of aggregates using a nonlinear resonance spectroscopy technique," Cement and Concrete Research, Vol. 40, No. 6, pp. 914-923 (2010) crossref(new window)

17.
A. A. Shah, Y. Ribakov and S. Hirose, "Nondestructive evaluation of damaged concrete using nonlinear ultrasonics," Materials and Design, Vol. 30, Issue 3, pp. 775-782 (2009) crossref(new window)

18.
M. F. Hamilton, "Nonlinear Wave Propagation in Mechanics," The American Society of Mechanical Engineering, AMD-77, New York, pp. 10-21 (1986)

19.
K. V. D. Abeele, A. Sutin, J. Carmeliet and P. A. Johnson, "Micro-damage diagnostics using nonlinear elastic wave spectroscopy," NDT&E International, Vol. 34, pp. 239-248 (2001) crossref(new window)

20.
K. V. D. Abeele, J. Carmeliet, J. A. T. Cate and P. A. Johnson, "Nonlinear elastic wave spectroscopy (NEWS) techniques to discern material damage, Part II: Single-mode nonlinear resonance acoustic spectroscopy," Res Nondestr Eval, Vol. 12, pp. 31-42 (2000) crossref(new window)

21.
C. Payan, V. Garnier, J. Moysan and P. A. Johnson, "Applying nonlinear resonant ultrasound spectroscopy to improving thermal damage assessment in concrete," The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol. 121, No. 4, pp. 125-130 (2007)

22.
A. Sutin and P. A. Johnson, "Nonlinear elastic wave NDE II. nonlinear wave modulation spectroscopy and nonlinear time reversed acoustics," AIP Conference Proceedings, Vol. 760, No. 1, pp. 385-392 (2005)

23.
Y. E. Kim, "Nondestructive testing of concrete for its strength, chemical degradation, and damage due to fire," Magazine of the Korea Concrete Institute, Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 50-64 (1998)

24.
S. Popovics and J. S. Popovics, "Effect of stresses on the ultrasonic pulse velocity in concrete," Materials and Structures, No. 24, pp. 15-23 (1991)

25.
P. Daponte, F. Maceri and R. S. Olivito, "Ultrasonic signal-processing techniques for the measurement of damage growth in structural materials," F. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas, Vol. 44, No. 6, pp. 1003-1008 (1995) crossref(new window)