JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Analysis of Uranium Concentrations in Urine Samples Using Alpha Spectrometry and Dose Assessment
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Analysis of Uranium Concentrations in Urine Samples Using Alpha Spectrometry and Dose Assessment
Lee, Na-Rae; Han, Seung-Jae; Cho, Kun-Woo; Jeong, Kyu-Hwan; Lee, Dong-Myung;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
This study was conducted to measure the uranium concentrations in urine of some members of the general public in Busan and Daejeon and to assess the annual committed effective doses from uranium analysis of daily excretion. As a result, the ranges of total uranium concentrations in the urine for the residents in Busan and Daejeon were found to be 0.556 - 1.53 and 2.18 - 4.55 , respectively. It was noted that the uranium concentrations for the residents in Daejeon were observed to be higher than those for the residents in Busan. This result assumes that the uranium concentrations in the urines for the residents in Daejeon are probably related to the high uranium concentrations contained in the drinking water of Daejeon city. The bedrock of Daejeon, known as granitic rocks formed in the Jurassic period of the Mesozoic Era, contains high uranium contents. Also, results showed no significant correlation with age or sex. The ranges of annual committed effective doses from ingestion of uranium for the residents in Busan and Daejeon were calculated to be 0.472-1.41 and 1.99-4.15 , respectively.
 Keywords
Uranium;Urine samples;Excretion;Alpha spectrometry;Effective dose;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation. Source and effects of ionizing radiation. In: Report of the General Assembly with Scientific Annexes. Vol. 1: Sources. United Nations; 2000.

2.
United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation. Source and effects of ionizing radiation. Volume 1: Sources. UNSCEAR 2008 Report. 2008.

3.
Leggett RW, Eckerman KF, McGinn CW, Meck RA. Controlling intake of uranium in the workplace: application of biokinetic modelling and occupational monitoring data. Oak Ridge National Laboratory(ORNL)/TM- 2012/14. 2012.

4.
임성아, 한은미, 채정석, 윤주용. 다중검출기유도결합플라즈마질량분석기를 이용한 Pu 동위원소비 정밀 분석법. 대한방사선방어학회. 2010.

5.
Welford GA, Baird R. Uranium levels in human diet and biological materials. Health Physics. 1967;13:1321-1324. crossref(new window)

6.
Manickam E, Sdraulig S, Tinker RA. Method design and validation for the determination of uranium levels in human urine using highresolution alpha spectrometry. J. Environ Radioact. 2008;99:491-501. crossref(new window)

7.
DOE. EML Procedures manual, HASL-300, 28th ed., vol. 1. Environmental Measurement Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy. Eichrome, 2001. Analytical Procedure ACW 02 Uranium in Water Rev 2.1. 1997.

8.
International Commission on Radiological Protection( ICRP). Supporting guidance document interpretation of bioassay data. Draft Document. Oxford: Pergamon Press. 2007.

9.
박희인, 이준동, 정지곤. 지질도폭 설명서 유성.한국지질도. 자원개발연구소. 1977:1-21.

10.
장태우, 강필종, 박석환, 황상구, 이동우. 지질도폭 설명서 부산가덕. 한국지질도. 한국동력자원연구소. 1983:1-21.

11.
김진섭, 김선웅, 이효민, 최정윤, 문기훈. 부산광역시 일대의 토양 내 라돈 농도 변화 특성. 자원환경지질학회지. 2012.

12.
Muikku M, Puhakainen M, Heikkinen T, Ilus T. The mean concentration of uranium in drinking water, urine, and hair of occupationally unexposed Finnish working population. Health Phys. 2009;96:646-654. crossref(new window)

13.
Tolmachev S, Kuwabara J, and Noguchi H. Concentration and daily excretion of uranium in urine of Japanese. Health Phys. 2009;91:144-153.

14.
Al-Jundi J, Werner E, Roth P, Hollriegl V, Wendler I, Schramel P. Thorium and uranium contents in human urine: influence of age and residential area. J. Environ Radioact. 2004;71:61-70. crossref(new window)

15.
Galletti M, D'Annibale L, Pinto V, Cremisini C. Uranium daily intake and urinary excretion: a preliminary study in Italy. Health Phys. 2003; 85:228-235. crossref(new window)

16.
Ting BG, Paschal DC, Jarrett JM, Pirkle JL, Jackson RJ, Sampson EJ, Miller DT, Caudill SP. Uranium and thorium in urine of United States residents: reference range concentrations. Environ Res Section A. 1999;81:45-51. crossref(new window)

17.
Beyer D, Buehl R, Pilwat G. Normal concentration of uranium in urine. Health Phys. 1993;64:321-322

18.
Dang HS , Pullat VR, Pillai KC. Determining the normal concentration of uranium in urine and application of uranium in urine and application of the data to its biokinetics. Health Phys. 1992;62:562-566. crossref(new window)

19.
Byrne AR, Benedik L. Uranium content of blood, urine and hair of exposed and non exposed persons determined by radiochemical neutron activation analysis, with emphasis on quality control. Sci Total Environ 107:143-157; 1991. crossref(new window)

20.
International Commission on Radiological Protection( ICRP). Report on the task group on reference man. ICRP Publication 23. Oxford: Pergamon Press. 1975.

21.
Health Protection Agency. User Manual for IMBA professional Plus. 2005.