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Development of Simple and Rapid Radioactivity Analysis for Thorium Series in the Products Containing Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORM)
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 Title & Authors
Development of Simple and Rapid Radioactivity Analysis for Thorium Series in the Products Containing Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORM)
Yoo, Jaeryong; Park, Seyoung; Yoon, Seokwon; Ha, Wi-Ho; Lee, Jaekook; Kim, Kwang Pyo;
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Background: It is necessary to analyze radioactivity of naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) in products to ensure radiological safety required by Natural Radiation Safety Management Act. The pretreatments for the existing analysis methods require high technology and time. Such destructive pretreatments including grinding and dissolution of samples make impossible to reuse products. We developed a rapid and simple procedure of radioactivity analysis for thorium series in the products containing NORM. Materials and Methods: The developed method requires non-destructive or minimized pretreatment. Radioactivity of the product without pretreatment is initially measured using gamma spectroscopy and then the measured radioactivity is adjusted by considering material composition, mass density, and geometrical shape of the product. The radioactivity adjustment can be made using scaling factors, which is derived by radiation transport Monte Carlo simulation. Necklace, bracelet, male health care product, and tile for health mat were selected as representative products for this study. The products are commonly used by the public and directly contacted with human body and thus resulting in high radiation exposure to the user. Results and Discussion: The scaling factors were derived using MCNPX code and the values ranged from 0.31 to 0.47. If radioactivity of the products is measured without pretreatment, the thorium series may be overestimated by up to 2.8 times. If scaling factors are applied, the difference in radioactivity estimates are reduced to 3-24%. Conclusion : The developed procedure in this study can be used for other products with various materials and shapes and thus ensuring radiological safety.
Naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM);Processed product;Thorium series;Radioactivity analysis;Gamma spectrometry;Monte Carlo simulation;
 Cited by
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