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Development and Performance of a Hand-Held CZT Detector for In-Situ Measurements at the Emergency Response
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 Title & Authors
Development and Performance of a Hand-Held CZT Detector for In-Situ Measurements at the Emergency Response
Ji, Young-Yong; Chung, Kun Ho; Kim, Chang-Jong; Yoon, Jin; Lee, Wanno; Choi, Geun-Sik; Kang, Mun Ja;
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 Abstract
Background: A hand-held detector for an emergency response was developed for nuclide identification and to estimate the information of the ambient dose rate in the scene of an accident as well as the radioactivity of the contaminants. Materials and Methods: To achieve this, the most suitable sensor was first selected as a cadmium zinc telluride (CZT) semiconductor and the signal processing unit from a sensor and the signal discrimination and storage unit were successfully manufactured on a printed circuit board. Results and Discussion: The performance of the developed signal processing unit was then evaluated to have an energy resolution of about 14 keV at 662 keV. The system control unit was also designed to operate the CZT detector, monitor the detector, battery, and interface status, and check and transmit the measured results of the ambient dose rate and radioactivity. In addition, a collimator, which can control the inner radius, and the airborne dust sampler, which consists of an air filter and charcoal filter, were developed and mounted to the developed CZT detector for the quick and efficient response of a nuclear accident. Conclusion: The hand-held CZT detector was developed to make the in-situ gamma-ray spectrometry and its performance was checked to have a good energy resolution. In addition, the collimator and the airborne dust sampler were developed and mounted to the developed CZT detector for a quick and efficient response to a nuclear accident.
 Keywords
In-situ measurement;Hand-held detector;CZT;Signal processing;Radioactivity;
 Language
English
 Cited by
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