JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Study of Regulations on Police Uniforms of the Government-General of Joseon
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Study of Regulations on Police Uniforms of the Government-General of Joseon
Nomura, Michiyo; Lee, Kyung-Mee;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The purpose of this study is to reveal the process of enactment and revision, the contents of the police uniform system by the Government-General of Joseon, and to examine the relationship between the uniform system and the ruling policies of Imperialist Japan. The research methodology involved document research of official gazettes that published legislation on the police uniform system. Political background was referenced from various preceding studies. The research results are as follows. The Japanese invasion of Korea, in regards to the police, appeared as infiltrations through the three routes of consular police, temporary military police, and inside the Korean police. Each organization had different uniform systems, and after the installation of the Japanese police in 1907, the uniform system of high level officers of the Korea police was changed to the Japanese-style. After the installation of the Government-General of Joseon in 1910, a police uniform system was not enacted until 1918, with the exception being made for police officers due to the military police system. The 'Police Officer Uniform System of the Government-General of Joseon' enacted in 1918 stood out for its golden insignia on solidly colored fabric, which effectively indicated rank, as well as the Japanese flag pattern and the cherry blossom pattern, which symbolized imperialist Japan, on the cap badge and insignia. The 1918 uniform system had many differences from the Japanese system of the time in terms of design, perhaps due to the political autonomy of the governor-general. The 1918 uniform system was completely revised in 1932. This uniform system was modified in various ways. The system was almost identical to the Japanese system at that time. This is the result of Japan's intent to dominate Korea, which involved assimilating Korea into Japan with the purpose of conducting a full-fledged invasion of the continent after the Manchurian Incident.
 Keywords
regulations of police uniforms;the Government-General of Joseon;the ruling policies of Imperialist Japan;uniforms;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
Ahn, I. (1989). A study on the changing processes of the uniforms of junior and senior high school students (Master's thesis, Sungkyunkwan University, Republic of Korea). Retrieved from http://lib.skku.edu/search/DetailView.ax?sid=4&cid=172662

2.
Choi, K. (2011). Preparation of the Japanese compulsory annexation of Korea appeared in the changed system of the western-style full dress uniform in 1905-1906. Journal of Korean independence movement studies, 39, 5-45.

3.
Hourei-zensyo [法令全書], (1884, 1889, 1890).

4.
Institute for Military History (Ed.) (1998). History of development of military uniforms of Korea. Seoul, Republic of Korea: Institute for Military History.

5.
Jang, S. (2004). The Establishment of the Police System and the Daily Infiltration of Colonial State Power. Institute of Korean Studies, Yonsei University (Ed.), Everyday life of the Korean people under the Japanese colonial rule (pp. 555-584), Seoul, Republic of Korea: Hyean Publications.

6.
Jeon, S. (2012). Study on the 'Politics of the Japanese Governor-General of Korea'. Paju, Republic of Korea: Jisik-Sanup Publications.

7.
Jo, S. (2013). The system of official uniform of Korea in the Japanese colonial period (Master's thesis, Dankook University, Republic of Korea). Retrieved from http://lib.dankook.ac.kr/dcollection/jsp/common/DcLoOrgPer.jsp?sItemId=000000176602

8.
Keimu-ihou [警務彙報], (1914, 1928, 1933, 1934).

9.
Keimu-geppou [警務月報], (1912).

10.
Keisicho-tassi-zensyo [警視庁達全書], (1874).

11.
Kim, J. (2012). A study on Police Uniforms during the Late Joseon Dynasty (Master's thesis, Ewha Wom ans University, Republic of Korea). Retrieved from http://dcollection.ewha.ac.kr/jsp/common/DcLoOrgPer.jsp?sItemId=000000069765

12.
Kim, M. (1994). Colonial rule and police. Critical Review of History, 24, 208-222.

13.
Kim, Y. (2015). Analysis on the female school uniform before Korea's Independence : focus on 1886 to 1945 (Master's thesis, Sungkyunkwan University, Republic of Korea). Retrieved from http://lib.skku.edu/search/DetailView.ax?sid=4&cid=5256127

14.
Kobunroku [公文録], (1880).

15.
Korea District Gazette [구한국관보] (1907)

16.
Koubun-ruisyu [公文類聚], (1906).

17.
Lee, K. (2011). A Study on the Revision and the Loss of National Identity of Western-styled Court Costume in the Daehan Empire. Journal of the Korean Society of Costume, 61(4), 103-116.

18.
Lee, K. (2012). Western-styled court costume paradigm of the Korean empire. Seoul, Republic of Korea: Minsokwon.

19.
Lee, S. (2010). The Characteristics of the Korean Police during the Japanese Colonial Period and the Image Thereof. The Korean History Education Review 115, 165-198.

20.
Lee, Y. M. (2015). A study of police uniforms since the establishment of the republic of Korean government (Master's thesis, Sungkyunkwan University, Republ ic of Korea). Retrieved from http://dcollection.skku.edu/jsp/common/DcLoOrgPer.jsp?sItemId=000000074827

21.
Lee, Y. J. (2015). History of the Korean Police : Modern and Contemporary. Seoul, Republic of Korea: Somyong Publications.

22.
Matsuda, T. (2009). Law enforcement in Korea under Japanese colonial rule [日本の朝鮮植民地支配と警察]. Tokyo, Japan: Azekura Shobo.

23.
National Institute of Korean History (Ed.) (2001). Korean history 48. Gwacheon, Republic of Korea: National Institute of Korean History.

24.
Nomrua, M. & Lee, K. (2015). Study on the Police Uniform in Japan's Early Meiji Period. Journal of the Korean Society of Costume, 65(4), 31-44. doi:10.7233/jksc.2015.65.4.031 crossref(new window)

25.
Official Gazette of Government-General of Joseon [조선총독부관보] (1911, 1918-1919, 1932).

26.
Official Gazette of Japan [官報] (1905-1908, 1910, 1911, 1918-1920, 1924, 1928, 1931-1932, 1938).

27.
Ota, R. (1972). History of Japanese modern military uniforms [日本近代軍服史]. Tokyo, Japan: Yuzankaku.

28.
Rhee, C. (1980). A study on the Korean police dress and ornaments during the "Ke-Hwa"(westernizing) Period(1880-1910). Journal of Yeungnam University, 14, 323-334.

29.
Sin, J. (2005). The Japanese Occupation and Japanese Stationary Army in Korea(1910-1937), The Publication Committee of Korea-Japan Relations Studies (Ed.), Japanese colonial governance structure and characteristics, (pp. 263-310), Seoul, Republic of Korea: Kyungin Munhwasa.

30.
Son, Y. (2007). The Establishment and Operation of the Modem Police System after the Gabo Reform (Gabo Gaehyeok). Hangug Saron, 53, 305-402.

31.
Tanno, K. (1980). Costume Historydictionary [總合服飾史事典], Tokyo, Japan: Yuzankaku.