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Removal of Cs by Adsorption with IE911 (Crystalline Silicotitanate) from High-Radioactive Seawater Waste
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 Title & Authors
Removal of Cs by Adsorption with IE911 (Crystalline Silicotitanate) from High-Radioactive Seawater Waste
Lee, Eil-Hee; Lee, Keun-Young; Kim, Kwang-Wook; Kim, Ik-Soo; Chung, Dong-Yong; Moon, Jei-Kwon;
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This study was performed on the removal of Cs, one of the main high- radioactive nuclides contained in the high-radioactive seawater waste (HSW), by adsorption with IE911 (crystalline silicotitanate type). For the effective removal of Cs and the minimization of secondary solid waste generation, adsorption of Cs by IE911 (hereafter denoted as IE911-Cs) was effective to carry out in the m/V (ratio of absorbent weight to solution volume) ratio of 2.5 g/L, and the adsorption time of 1 hour. In these conditions, Cs and Sr were adsorbed about 99% and less than 5%, respectively. IE911-Cs could be also expressed as a Langmuir isotherm and a pseudo-second order rate equation. The adsorption rate constants (k2) were decreased with increasing initial Cs concentrations and particle sizes, and increased with increasing ratios of m/V, solution temperatures and agitation speeds. The activation energy of IE911-Cs was about 79.9 kJ/mol. It was suggested that IE911-Cs was dominated by a chemical adsorption having a strong bonding form. From the negative values of Gibbs free energy and enthalpy, it was indicated that the reaction of IE911-Cs was a forward, exothermic and relatively active at lower temperatures. Additionally, the negative entropy values were seen that the adsorbed Cs was evenly distributed on the IE911.
Cesium;Adsorption;Removal;Crystalline silicotitanate;Kinetics;Activation energy;High-radioactive seawater waste;
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