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Conceptual Modeling Coupled Thermal-Hydrological-Chemical Processes in Bentonite Buffer for High-Level Nuclear Waste Repository
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 Title & Authors
Conceptual Modeling Coupled Thermal-Hydrological-Chemical Processes in Bentonite Buffer for High-Level Nuclear Waste Repository
Choi, Byoung-Young; Ryu, Ji-Hun; Park, Jinyoung;
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 Abstract
In this study, thermal-hydrological-chemical modeling for the alteration of a bentonite buffer is carried out using a simulation code TOUGHREACT. The modeling results show that the water saturation of bentonite steadily increases and finally the bentonite is fully saturated after 10 years. In addition, the temperature rapidly increases and stabilizes after 0.5 year, exhibiting a constant thermal gradient as a function of distance from the copper tube. The change of thermal-hydrological conditions mainly results in the alteration of anhydrite and calcite. Anhydrite and calcite are dissolved along with the inflow of groundwater. They then tend to precipitate in the vicinity of the copper tube due to its high temperature. This behavior induces a slight decrease in porosity and permeability of bentonite near the copper tube. Furthermore, this study finds that the diffusion coefficient can significantly affect the alteration of anhydrite and calcite, which causes changes in the hydrological properties of bentonite such as porosity and permeability. This study may facilitate the safety assessment of high-level radioactive waste repositories.
 Keywords
Bentonite;TOUGHREACT;Thermal-hydrological-chemical;Porosity;High-level radioactive waste repository;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
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