Change of Substructure Design with Changed Angle of Skew Bridges ;;;;;
This study presents a suggestion of regulation of skewed slab bridge. In order to find the characteristic behavior of skew bridge, many cases of skew bridges were analyzed with changed angle of skew. The comparison of design methods for cantilever part in pier was also made. It was found that : (1) The lower the skew angle was, the higher the maximum support reaction forces at the end point were. (2) The higher the ratio of L/B was, the higher the maximum support reaction force at the point was. (3) The effect of skew may be neglected for skew angles of or more. (4) If elastic springs are applied to the boundary conditions to simulate the rubber pad bearings, the results will be more reasonable. (5) The shear deformation effect must be considered in the analysis of cantilever part of substructure. (6) Using strut and tie model to design cantilever part of pier, it will be more simple than finite element method with same accuracy and more accurate than using frame element.
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