Proposed Design Provisions for Bond and Development Length Considering Effects of Confinement ;;;
Confinement is one of the major concepts for bond of reinforcing steel to concrete. Cover distance, and lateral reinforcement are the key factors for current provisions for development and splices of reinforcement. However, the current provisions still being complicated to calculate major variables need to be developed in the process of design. In this study, an experimental work was performed to examine the behavior of bond using beam end specimens. The test results and previous available data are analyzed to isolate the effects of confinement on bond strength. From this reevaluation, new provisions for development and splice of reinforcement are proposed. The provisions also propose some limits for confinement index. The new provisions will help engineers to decide easily the simple but conservative way for manual calculations or the exact approach for computerized design.