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Bearing Strength of Concrete Column and Steel Beam Composite Joints
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 Title & Authors
Bearing Strength of Concrete Column and Steel Beam Composite Joints
Kim, Byong-Kook; Lee, Won-Kyu; Choi, Oan-Chul;
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A bearing failure in RCS(Reinforced Concrete Column and Steel Beam) system is recognized as one of the distinct joint failure modes for the composite frames. Vertical and transverse reinforcement in addition to concrete are effective for better transfer of vortical forces through concrete bearing. To examine the effect of the vertical bars, tie bars, a U-type detail developed in this study and concrete confinement, local bearing tests were conducted using 22 small-scale concrete block specimens. Test results show that vertical reinforcement and tie bars mainly contribute to the bearing capacity. However larger amounts of tie reinforcement are required than those recommend from ASCE guidelines, to apply the nominal concrete strength as 2 over the bearing area. Cross ties are proved to be highly effective for resisting the vertical forces. Maximum bearing strength can be increased upto 2.5 . An accurate prediction model for bearing strength is proposed for better design of the composite Joint.
local bearing test;bearing strength;RCS composite joint;tie bar;
 Cited by
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