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Temperature-Dependency Thermal Properties and Transient Thermal Analysis of Structural Frames Exposed to Fire
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 Title & Authors
Temperature-Dependency Thermal Properties and Transient Thermal Analysis of Structural Frames Exposed to Fire
Han, Byung-Chan; Kwon, Young-Jin; Kim, Jae-Hwan; Shin, Yeong-Soo; Choi, Eun-Gyu;
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A research projects is currently being conducted to develop a nonlinear finite element analysis methods for predicting the structural behavior of reinforced concrete frame structures, exposed to fire. As part of this, reinforced concrete frames subjected to fire loads were analyzed using the nonlinear finite-element program DIANA. Two numerical steps are incorporated in this program. The first step carries out the nonlinear transient heat flow analysis associated with fire and the second step predicts the structural behavior of reinforced concrete frames subjected to the thermal histories predicted by first step. The complex features of structural behavior in fire conditions, such as thermal expansion, plasticity, cracking or crushing, and material properties changing with temperature are considered. A concrete material model based on nonlinear fracture mechanics to take cracking into account and plasticity models for concrete in compression and reinforcement steel were used. The material and analytical models developed in this paper are verified against the experimental data on simple reinforced concrete beams. The changes in thermal parameters are discussed from the point of view of changes of structure and chemical composition due to the high temperature exposure. Although, this study considers codes standard fire for reinforced concrete frame, any other time-temperature relationship can be easily incorporated.
reinforced concrete frame;effect of fire;nonlinear transient heat flow analysis;nonlinear FEA;DIANA;
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