Strut-Tie Models and Load Distribution Ratios for Reinforced Concrete Beams with Shear Span-to-Effective Depth Ratio of Less than 3 (I) Models and Load Distribution Ratios

- Journal title : Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
- Volume 28, Issue 3, 2016, pp.257-265
- Publisher : Korea Concrete Institute
- DOI : 10.4334/JKCI.2016.28.3.257

Title & Authors

Strut-Tie Models and Load Distribution Ratios for Reinforced Concrete Beams with Shear Span-to-Effective Depth Ratio of Less than 3 (I) Models and Load Distribution Ratios

Chae, Hyun-Soo; Yun, Young Mook;

Chae, Hyun-Soo; Yun, Young Mook;

Abstract

The failure behavior of reinforced concrete beams is governed by the mechanical relationships between the shear span-to-effective depth ratio, flexural reinforcement ratio, load and support conditions, and material properties. In this study, two simple indeterminate strut-tie models which can reflect all characteristics of the failure behavior of reinforced concrete beams were proposed. The proposed models are effective for the beams with shear span-to-effective depth ratio of less than 3. For each model, a load distribution ratio, defined as the fraction of load transferred by a truss mechanism, is also proposed to help structural designers perform the rational design of the beams by using the strut-tie model approaches of current design codes. In the determination of the load distribution ratios, the effect of the primary design variables including shear span-to-effective depth ratio, flexural reinforcement ratio, and compressive strength of concrete was reflected through numerous material nonlinear analysis of the proposed indeterminate strut-tie models. In the companion paper, the validity of the proposed models and load distribution ratios was examined by applying them to the evaluation of the failure strength of 335 reinforced concrete beams tested to failure by others.

Keywords

reinforced concrete;beam;strut-tie model;load distribution ratio;

Language

Korean

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