JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Affective Priming Effect on Cognitive Processes Reflected by Event-related Potentials
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Affective Priming Effect on Cognitive Processes Reflected by Event-related Potentials
Kim, Choong-Myung;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
This study was conducted to investigate whether Stroop-related cognitive task will be affected according to the preceding affective valence factored by matchedness in response time(RT) and whether facial recognition will be indexed by specific event-related potentials(ERPs) signature in normal person as in patients suffering from affective disorder. ERPs primed by subliminal(30ms) facial stimuli were recorded when presented with four pairs of affect(positive or negative) and cognitive task(matched or mismatched) to get ERP effects(N2 and P300) in terms of its amplitude and peak latency variations. Behavioral response analysis based on RTs confirmed that subliminal affective stimuli primed the target processing in all affective condition except for the neutral stimulus. Additional results for the ERPs performed in the negative affect with mismatched condition reached significance of emotional-face specificity named N2 showing more amplitude and delayed peak latency compared to the positive counterpart. Furthermore the condition shows more positive amplitude and earlier peak latency of P300 effect denoting cognitive closure than the corresponding positive affect condition. These results are suggested to reflect that negative affect stimulus in subliminal level is automatically inhibited such that this effect had influence on accelerating detection of the affect and facilitating response allowing adequate reallocation of attentional resources. The functional and cognitive significance with these findings was implied in terms of subliminal effect and affect-related recognition modulating the cognitive tasks.
 Keywords
Affective Priming;Negative Affect;Subliminal Stimulation;Attentional Resource;ERPs;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
J. M. G. Williams, F. N. Watts, C. MacLeod, and A. Mathews, Cognitive psychology and emotional disorders (2nd ed.), Chichester: UK: Wiley., 1997.

2.
A. Mathews and C. MacLeod, "Selective processing of threat cues in anxiety states," Behaviour Research & Therapy, Vol.23, pp.563-569, 1985. crossref(new window)

3.
K. Mogg, A. Mathews, and J. Weinman, "Selecting processing of threat cues in anxiety states: A replication," Behavior Research and Therapy, Vol.27, pp.317-323, 1989. crossref(new window)

4.
B. P. Bradley, K. Mogg, and S. Lee, "Attentional biases for negative information in induced and naturally occurring dysphoria," Behavior Research and Therapy, Vol.35, pp.911-927, 1997. crossref(new window)

5.
B. P. Bradley, K. Mogg, J. White, C. Groom, and J. de Bono, "Attentional bias for emotional faces in generalised anxiety disorder," British Journal of Clinical Psychology, Vol.38, pp.267-278, 1999. crossref(new window)

6.
Y. Bar-Haim, D. Lamy, L. Pergamin, M. Bakersmans-Kranenburg, and M. H. van Ijzendoorn, "Threat-related attentional bias in anxious and nonanxious individuals: A meta-analytic study," Psychological Bulletin, Vol.133, No.1, pp.1-24, 2007. crossref(new window)

7.
D. Hermans, D. Vansteenwegen, and P. Eelen, "Eye Movement Registration as a Continuous Index of Attention Deployment: Date from a Group of Spider Anxious Students," Cognition and Emotion, Vol.13, No.4, pp.419-434, 1999. crossref(new window)

8.
M. W. Eysenck, Anxiety: the cognitive perceptive, Hove, UK: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Ltd. 1992.

9.
E. Fox, R. Russo, R. Bowles, and K. Dutton, "Do threatening stimuli dray or hold visual attention in subclinical anxiety?," Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, Vol.130, pp.681-700, 2001.

10.
C. MacLeod, A. Mathews, and P. Tata, "Attentional bias in emotional disorders," Journal of Abnormal Psychology, Vol.95, pp.15-20, 1986. crossref(new window)

11.
B. P. Bradley, K. Mogg, and N. H. Millar, "Covert and overt orienting of attention to emotional faces in anxiety," Cognition and Emotion, Vol.14, pp.789-808, 2000. crossref(new window)

12.
J. Yiend and A. Mathews, "Anxiety and attention to threatening pictures," Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology:Human Experimental Psychology, Vol.54, pp.665-681, 2001.

13.
J. M. G. Williams, A. Mathews, and C. MacLeod, "The Emotional Stroop Task and Psychopathology," Psychological Bulletin, Vol.120, pp.3-24, 1996. crossref(new window)

14.
A. Mathews and C. MacLeod, "Induced processing biases have causal effects on anxiety," Cognition and Emotion, Vol.16, pp.331-354, 2002. crossref(new window)

15.
M. G. Choi, "Attentional Bias Effect across the Emotional Valence in Normal Population," Korean Journal of Experimental Psychology, Vol.17, No.2, pp.111-130, 2005.

16.
F. Di Russo, F. Taddei, T. Aprile, and D. Spinelli, "Neural correlates of fast stimulus discrimination and response selection in top-level fencers," Neuroscience Letters, Vol.408, pp.113-118, 2006. crossref(new window)

17.
L. Carretie, J. A. Hinojosa, M. Martin-Loeches, F. Mercado, and M. Tapia, "Automatic attention to emotional stimuli: neural correlates," Human Brain Mapping, Vol.22, pp.290-299, 2004. crossref(new window)

18.
A. Azizian and J. Polich, "Evidence for attentional gradient in the serial position memory curve from ERPs," Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, Vol.19, No.12, pp.2071-2081, 2007. crossref(new window)

19.
D. Sabatinelli, P. J. Lang, A. Keil, and M. M. Bradley, "Emotional perception: Correlation of functional MRI and event-related potentials," Cerebral Cortex, Vol.17, pp.1085-1091, 2007.

20.
J. Polich, "Updating P300: an integrative theory of P3a and P3b," Clinical Neurophysiology, Vol.118, pp.2128-2148, 2007. crossref(new window)

21.
D. Lundqvist, F. Esteves, and A. Ohman, "The face of wrath: Critical features for conveying facial threat," Cognition and Emotion, Vol.13, pp.691-711, 1999. crossref(new window)

22.
L. Carretie, J. Iglesias, and T. Garcia, "A Study on the Emotional Processing of Visual Stimuli through Event-Related Potentials," Brain and Cognition, Vol.34, No.2, pp.207-217, 1997. crossref(new window)

23.
S. Bentin, T.Allison, A. Puce, E. Perez, and G. McCarthy, "Electrophysiological studies of face perception in humans," Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, Vol.8, No.6, pp.551-565, 1995.

24.
X. Q. Mai, J. Luo, J. H. Wu, and Y. J. Luo, "'Aha!' effects in guessing riddle task: An ERP study," Human Brain Mapping, Vol.22, pp.261-270, 2004. crossref(new window)

25.
J. Qiu, H. Li, Y. J. Luo, A. T. Chen, and Q. L. Zhang, "Brain mechanism of cognitive conflict in a guessing Chinese logogriph task," NeuroReport, Vol.17, pp.679-682, 2006. crossref(new window)