Advanced SearchSearch Tips
A Qualitative Research of Children`s Mental Model on Media Environment and the Use
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
A Qualitative Research of Children`s Mental Model on Media Environment and the Use
Lee, Ran; Hyun, Eunja;
  PDF(new window)
The purpose of this study is to present the mental model of young adolescents` media environment and the use and to provide several educational suggestions drawing on the revealed model. For this, the data were collected through 4 activities such as interview, picture drawings, word association experiment, and sentence completion task with ten 4-5th graders in elementary schools; they were qualitatively analyzed by 2 researchers. First, the meaning components driven by sentence completion task, word association experiment were totally 6 components: media device, connection(alienation), competence(provision), entertainment, adverse effects, ambilaterality. Second, the components of media mental model driven by pictures were 4 components: functions/competence, entertainment, conflict with paper books/sharing, harmfulness/ambilaterality. Third, the components from interview consisted of conflict between paper books and electronic media, communication-centeredness, fear(addiction) and users` qualification. Based on those results, careful examination in cyber talk, necessity of addiction prevention, active development of learning media and their balanced utilization with books, and healthful media literacy education and reinforcement of critical thinking were suggested.
Media Mental Model;Media Environment;Children`s Media Use;Qualitative Research;
 Cited by
P. Cox, J. Niewohner, N. Pidgeon, S. Gerrad, B. Fischhoff, and D. Riley, "The Use of Mental Models in Chemical Risk Protection: Developing a Generic Workplace Methodology," Risk Analysis, Vol.2, pp.311-324, 2003.

C. Atman, J. Bostrom, B. Fischhoff, and M. G. Morgan, "Designing Risk Communications: Completing and Correcting Mental Models of Hazardous Processes," Risk Analysis, Vol.14, pp.779-788, 1994. crossref(new window)

정원진, "사용자 멘탈모델이 스마트폰 애플리케이션 사용의도에 미치는 영향," e-비지니스연구, 제15권, 제3호, pp.339-361, 2014.

P. N. Johnson-Laid, "Mental Models," in M. I. Posner (Ed.), Foundations of Cognitive Science, Cambridge: MIT Press, 1980.

K. Craik, The Nature of Explanation, Cambridge:Cambridge University Press, 1943.

이관웅, 이태연, "정신모델과 인간 요인," 심리과학, 제5권, 제1호, pp.55-66, 1996.

이란, 홍지민, "미디어 환경과 사용에 대한 부모의 심성모형 연구," 한국콘텐츠학회논문지, 제14권, 제12호, pp.818-834, 2014.

J. Meyrowitz, "Multiple Media Literacies," Journal of Communication, Vol.48, No.1, pp.96-108, 1998. crossref(new window)

J. Meyrowitz, "Understandings of Media," ETC:: A Review of General Semantics, Vol.56, No.1, pp.44-52, 1999.

이란 현은자, "디지털 시대의 아동 관련 미디어연구 동향 분석," 아동학회지, 제35권, 제4호, pp.17-40, 2014.

김은미, 나은영, 박소라, "면대면 상호작용과 미디어 이용이 청소년의 사회적 지지감 획득에 미치는 영향," 한국방송학보, 제24권, 제2호, pp.110-152, 2010.

신영주, 김성재, 최정윤, 김창현, "청소년의 인터넷 중독적 사용과 가족의 기능적 특성과의 관계," 중독정신의학, 제7권, 제2호, pp.110-116, 2003.

이은미, "텔레비전 시청과 가족 구성원 간의 상호작용 연구," 한국언론학보, 제34권, pp.171-190, 1995.

조안나, 고영자, "가정 내 전자미디어 사용실태 및 어머니의 미디어 중재 유형이 유아의 친사회적 행동에 미치는 영향," 어린이미디어연구, 제12권, 제1호, pp.1-24, 2013.

L. S. Clark, "Digital Media and the Generation Gap, Information," Communication & Society, Vol.12, No.3, pp.388-407, 2009. crossref(new window)

J. W. Creswell, Qualitative Inquiry & Research Design (2nd ed.), Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2007.

R. K. Yin, Case Study Research: Design and Method (3rd ed.), Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2003

김영천, 질적연구방법론 1, 아카데미프레스, 2012.

S. N. Hesse-Biber and P. Leavy, The Practice of Qualitative Research (2nd Edition), Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2010.

S. B. Merriam, Qualitative Research and Case Study Applications in Education, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1998.

R. E. Stake, Multiple Case Study Analysis, New York: Guilford Press, 2006.

이종규, 질적 연구방법론, 교육과학사, 2006.

D. J. Clandinin and F. M. Connelly, Narrative Inquiry: Experience and Story in Qualitative Research, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers, 2000.

N. Lyons and V. K. LaBoskey, Narrative Inquiry in Practice: Advancing the Knowledge of Teaching, New York: Teachers College Press, 2002.

W. J. Potter, Media Literacy (7th edition), London: Sage, 2014.

W. J. Potter and S. Byrne, "Media Literacy," In R. Nabi & M. B. Oliver (Eds.) Handbook of media effects (pp. 345-357), Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2009.

M. D. Slater and D. Rouner, "Entertainment education and elaboration likelihood: Understanding the processing of narrative persuasion," Communication Theory, Vol.12, pp.173-191, 2002.

V. Heidi and V. C. Katrien, "Defining cyberbullying: A qualitative research into the perceptions of youngsters," Cyber Psychology & Behavior, Vol.11, No.4, pp.499-503, 2008. crossref(new window)

김양은, 디지털 시대의 미디어 리터러시, 커뮤니케이션북스, 2009.

D. Buckingham, Media education, Blackwell Publishing Ltd., 2003.

이원섭, "미디어 교육 경험과 미디어 리터러시가 비판적 사고 성향에 미치는 영향," 한국콘텐츠학회논문지, 제14권, 제10호, pp.795-809, 2014.

이성균, "미디어 교육 전문가 양성을 위한 교육과정 모델 연구," 한국콘텐츠학회논문지, 제10권, 제1호, pp.468-476, 2010.