The Effect of Elementary Free Inquiry Lessons Utilizing Flipped Learning with Smart Devices on the Elementary Students' Digital Literacy, 21st Century Skills and Scientific Attitude

Title & Authors
The Effect of Elementary Free Inquiry Lessons Utilizing Flipped Learning with Smart Devices on the Elementary Students' Digital Literacy, 21st Century Skills and Scientific Attitude
Bae, Jinho; Kim, Jinsoo; Kim, Euna; So, Keum Hyun;

Abstract
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of free inquiry lessons utilizing flipped learning with smart devices on digital literacy, $\small{21^{st}}$ century skills and scientific attitude of $\small{5^{th}}$ graders of elementary school. The subjects of this study were two different $\small{5^{th}}$ grade classes in J elementary school located in B metropolitan city. Free inquiry lessons utilizing flipped learning with smart devices were applied to experimental group, whereas comparison group was taught general free inquiry lessons using ordinary teaching materials. The results of this study were as follows: First, free inquiry lessons utilizing flipped learning with smart devices were statistically meaningful on students' digital literacy. Second, free inquiry lessons utilizing flipped learning with smart devices were not statistically meaningful on students' $\small{21^{st}}$ century skills. Third, free inquiry lessons utilizing flip teaching with smart devices were not statistically meaningful on students' scientific attitude. Fourth, free inquiry lessons utilizing flipped learning with smart devices caused an effectiveness on students' interests.
Keywords
free inquiry lessons;smart devices;flipped learning;digital literacy;$\small{21^{st}}$ century skills;scientific attitude;
Language
Korean
Cited by
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