Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Relationship between body mass index(BMI) and periodontal disease in Korean adult: The fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(KNHANES V-1)
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Relationship between body mass index(BMI) and periodontal disease in Korean adult: The fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(KNHANES V-1)
Lee, Min-Kyung; Jin, Hye-Jung;
  PDF(new window)
Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the relationship between body mass index(BMI) and periodontal disease in Korean adult from the data of the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(KNHANES). Methods: The subjects were 3,309 adults from 25 ro 45 years old in the fifth KNHANES. The subjects were divided into three BMI categories: normal weight 1,549(BMI ), overweight 792(BMI ) and obesity 968(BMI ). Periodontal disease was assessed by community periodontal index(CPI) and periodontitis was defined as code 3. Results: Increased BMI adults had no significantly higher prevalence of periodontitis than those having normal body weight after adjusting for variables; the odds ratio(OR) was 1.06 in overweight and 1.23 in obesity. BMI and periodontitis had no significant relation to increased age, but the age increase tended to have high odds ratio. Women had a higher OR than men. Conclusions: Through this study, it is necessary to analyze the relationship between the obesity index and periodontitis in the further study.
body mass index(BMI);Korean adults;periodontal disease;
 Cited by
한국 노인의 고혈압 관련 건강 및 구강건강 요인에 관한 연구: 2014년 국민건강영양조사를 바탕으로,이경희;

한국치위생학회지, 2016. vol.16. 5, pp.709-716 crossref(new window)
Health and oral health factors related to hypertension in Korean elderly: analysis of data from the fifth Korea national health and nutrition examination survey(KNHANES 2014), Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene, 2016, 16, 5, 709  crossref(new windwow)
Yu Ok, Cha Ys. A Comparative study on dietary life according to the obesity assessment methods of higher grade elementary school students in Jeonju. Korean J Human Ecology 2006; 9(4): 83-93.

Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. [Internet]. [cited 2014 Nov 28]. Available from: s=HOME001-MNU1130-MNU1639-MNU1640-MNU1645.

WHO Expert Consultation. Appropriate body-mass index for asian populations and its implications for policy and intervention strategies. Lancet 2014; 10: 157-63.

Saxlin T, Ylostalo P, Suominen-Taipale L, Mannisto S, Knuuttila M. Association between periodontal infection and obesity: results of the Health 2000 Survey. J Clin Periodontol 2011; 38: 236-42. http://dx.doi:10.1111/j.1600-051X.2010.01677. crossref(new window)

Warburton DE, Nicol CW, Bredin SS. Health benefits of physical activity: the evidence. CMAJ 2006; 14(6): 801-9. crossref(new window)

Saito T, Simazaki Y, Sakamoto M. Obesity and periodontitis. N Engl J Med 1998; 13(7): 482-3. crossref(new window)

Nishimura F, Murayama Y. Periodontal inflammation and insulin resistance -lessons from obesity. J Dent Res 2001; 80(8): 1690-4. crossref(new window)

Wood N, Johnson RB, Streckfus CF. Comparison of body composition and periodontal disease using nutritional assessment techniques: Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(NHANES III). J Clin Periodontol 2003; 30(4): 321-7. crossref(new window)

Ylostalo P, Taiale LS, Reunanen A, Knuuttila M. Association between body weight and periodontal infection. J Clin Periodontol 2008; 35: 297-304. http://dx.doi: 10.1111/j.1600-051X.2008.01203. crossref(new window)

Lee YK, Park JR. The relationship of obesity and periodontal disease by age. J Korean Soc Dent Hyg 2013; 13(6): 1015-21. crossref(new window)

An SY, Park SY. Relationship between BMI, oral health behavior and perceived oral symptoms among child care teachers. J Korean Soc Dent Hyg 2013; 13(5): 769-76. crossref(new window)

Han JH, Hwang JM. The relationship between BMI and health and oral health promotion behavior of highschool. J Korean Soc Dent Hyg 2010; 10(1): 141-56.

Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The fifth Korea national health and nutrition examination survey(KNHANES V-1), 2011. Seoul: Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2012: 3-6.

Kim HJ, Kim CH. Usefulness and validation of cutoff points of body mass index for overweight and obesity in Korean adults. KSME 2014; 16(1): 131-40.

World Health Organization. Oral health survey: basic methods. 4th ed. Geneva: World Health Organization; 1997: 34-9.

Haenle MM, Brockmann SO, Kron M, Bertling U, Mason RA, Steinbach G, et al. Overweight, physical activity, tobacco and alcohol consumption in a cross-sectional random sample of German adults. BMC Public Health 2006; 18(6): 233. http://dx.doi:10.1186/1471-2458-6-233. crossref(new window)

Khader YS, Bawadi HA, Haroun TF, Alomari M, Tayyem RF. The association between periodontal disease and obesity among adults in Jordan. J Clin Periodontol 2009; 36(1): 18-24. http://dx.doi: 10.1111/j.1600-051X.2008.01345. crossref(new window)

Al-Zahrani MS, Bissada NF, Borawskit EA. Obesity and periodontal disease in young, middle-aged, and older adults. J Periodontol 2003; 74(5): 610-5. crossref(new window)

Torrungruang K, Tamsailom S, Rojanasomsith K, Sutdhibhisal S, Nisapakultorn K, Vanichjakvong O, et al. Risk indicators of periodontal disease in older Thai adults. J Periodontol 2005; 76(4): 558-65. crossref(new window)

Han DH, Lim SY, Sun BC, Paek EM, Kim HD. Visceral fat area-defined obesity and periodontitis among Koreans. J Clin Periodontol 2010; 37(2): 172-9. http://dx.doi:10.1111/j.1600-051X.2009.01515. crossref(new window)

D'Aiuto F, Sabbah W, Netuveli G, Donos N, Hingorani AD, Deanfield J, et al. Association of the metabolic syndrome with severe periodontitis in a large U.S. population-based survey. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2008; 93(10): 3989-94. http://dx.doi: 10.1210/jc.2007-2522. crossref(new window)

Morita I, Okamoto Y, Yoshii S, Nakagaki H, Mizuno K, Sheiham A, et al. Five-year incidence of periodontal disease is related to body mass index. J Dent Res 2011; 90(2): 199-202. http://dx.doi: 10.1177/0022034510382548. crossref(new window)

Reeves GK, Pirie K, Beral V, Green J, Spencer E, Bull D. Cancer incidence and mortality in relation to body mass index in the Million Women Study: cohort study. BMJ 2007; 335(7630): 1134. 39367.495995. crossref(new window)

Saito T, Shimazaki Y, Koga T, Tsuzuki M, Ohshima A. Relationship between upper body obesity and periodontitis. J Dent Res 2001; 80(7): 1631-6. crossref(new window)