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MONITORING OF GAMMA-RAY BRIGHT AGN: THE MULTI-FREQUENCY POLARIZATION OF THE FLARING BLAZAR 3C 279
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 Title & Authors
MONITORING OF GAMMA-RAY BRIGHT AGN: THE MULTI-FREQUENCY POLARIZATION OF THE FLARING BLAZAR 3C 279
KANG, SINCHEOL; LEE, SANG-SUNG; BYUN, DO-YOUNG;
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 Abstract
We present results of long-term multi-wavelength polarization observations of the powerful blazar 3C 279 after its γ-ray flare on 2013 December 20. We followed up this flare with single-dish polarization observations using two 21-m telescopes of the Korean VLBI Network. Observations carried out weekly from 2013 December 25 to 2015 January 11, at 22 GHz, 43 GHz, 86 GHz simultaneously, as part of the Monitoring Of GAmma-ray Bright AGN (MOGABA) program. We measured 3C 279 total flux densities of 22–34 Jy at 22 GHz, 15–28 Jy (43 GHz), and 10–21 Jy (86 GHz), showing mild variability of ≤ 50 % over the period of our observations. The spectral index between 22 GHz and 86 GHz ranged from −0.13 to −0.36. Linear polarization angles were 27°–38°, 30°–42°, and 33°–50° at 22 GHz, 43 GHz, and 86 GHz, respectively. The degree of linear polarization was in the range of 6–12 %, and slightly decreased with time at all frequencies. We investigated Faraday rotation and depolarization of the polarized emission at 22–86 GHz, and found Faraday rotation measures (RM) of −300 to −1200 rad m−2 between 22 GHz and 43 GHz, and −800 to −5100 rad m−2 between 43 GHz and 86 GHz. The RM values follow a power law with a mean power law index a of 2.2, implying that the polarized emission at these frequencies travels through a Faraday screen in or near the jet. We conclude that the regions emitting polarized radio emission may be different from the region responsible for the 2013 December γ-ray flare and are maintained by the dominant magnetic field perpendicular to the direction of the radio jet at milliarcsecond scales.
 Keywords
galaxies: active;galaxies: jets;galaxies: magnetic fields;polarization;quasars: individual (3C 279);
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
Detection of millimeter-wavelength intraday variability in polarized emission from S5 0716+714, Astronomy & Astrophysics, 2016, 592, L10  crossref(new windwow)
2.
Probing the gamma-ray variability in 3C 279 using broad-band observations, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2017, 464, 1, 418  crossref(new windwow)
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