JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
EDUCATION AND SELECTION OF ASTRONOMICAL ALMANAC OFFICIALS IN THE 19th CENTURY
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
EDUCATION AND SELECTION OF ASTRONOMICAL ALMANAC OFFICIALS IN THE 19th CENTURY
CHOI, GOEUN; MIHN, BYEONG-HEE; LEE, YONG SAM;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
During the Joseon dynasty, the Gwansanggam (觀象監, The Royal Astronomical Observatory) was the royal administration in charge of Astronomy (天文), Geography (地理), Calendars (曆), Astronomical and meteorological observation (測候), and Timekeeping (刻漏). Of those affairs, the Astronomical Almanac compilation was most important. In this paper, we study the education and selection of astronomical officials in the 19th century during the Joseon dynasty, focusing on Astronomical Almanac officials. According to this study, their main area was calendar calculation, and they were involved in Astronomical Almanac compilation for nearly 40 years, until they resigned. In addition, they served as Samryeok-susulgwan (三曆修述官, Official for calendar calculation by the calendar), and Ilgwa-gamingwan (日課監印官, Official printing supervisor). To undertake these core duties, an official had to pass several examinations and courses. The Gwansanggam (after Gwansangso) carried out the educational function for the officials. In particular, reserved officials of the astronomy division had to be educated starting with a trainee course.
 Keywords
Astronomical Almanac;Astronomy education;Gwansanggam (觀象監);
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
Choi, G. E., 2010, A Study of Korean Astronomical Almanacs for 1864-1945, Msc. thesis, Chungbuk National University

2.
Hu, Y. S., 2000, A Study on the Organization and Works of the Astronomical Section of Gwan-sang-gam in the late Choson Dynasty - Focusing on the period since the late $18^{th}$ century, Msc. thesis, Seoul National University

3.
Jo, S. G., 1998, A Study on the functions transition of the Seoungwan (書雲觀) in the early Choson Dynasty, Msc. thesis, Yonsei University

4.
Jeong S. H., 2002, The Prints and Circulation of Calendars in the late Choson, The Journal of Choson Dynasty History, 23, 117

5.
Korea Astronomy and Space Institute (KASI), 2013, Astronomy and Space Science information - Database of Korean Astronomical Almanacs, http://astro.kasi.re.kr/Almanac/

6.
Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies, 1997, Gyeongguk daejeon (a photographic edition), Kyujanggak institute for Korean studies (Seoul), pp.77

7.
Lee, E. S., 1985, Fundamental Analysis of the Astronomical Calendar, Jeongeumsa (Seoul), pp.348-353

8.
Lee, K. -W, 2008, On the Study of the Organization and the Examination System of Gwansanggam in the Joseon Dynasty: Focusing on the Astronomy Division, The Journal of the Korean Earth Science Society, 29, 98-105 crossref(new window)

9.
Lee M. U., Hu, Y. S., Park, K. S., 2003, Annals of the Seoungwan (Seong J. D., Seoungwanji, 書雲觀志, 1818), Somyeong press (Seoul), pp.15-111

10.
Lee, S. M., 1990, Complete Compliation of Jabgwa Roster in the Choson Dynasty, The Academy of Korean Studies (Seongnam), pp.146-175

11.
Shin, J. H. (National History Compilation Committee), 1971, Korean Empire Officials Curriculum Vitae (大韓帝國官員履歷書), Tamgudang (Seoul), pp.24-845