JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effect of dietary supplementation of tapioca on growth performance and meat quality in pigs
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effect of dietary supplementation of tapioca on growth performance and meat quality in pigs
Park, Jae-Won; Cui, Jing-Ai; Lee, Sang-In; Kim, Young-Hwa; Park, Joon-Cheol; Chae, Byung-Jo; Kim, In-Ho;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
This study evaluated whether dietary supplementation of tapioca could alleviate the negative effects of palm kernel meal (PKM) on growth performance and meat quality in growing and finishing pigs. In experiment 1, 120 73-dold crossbred growing pigs [], with an average body weight of , were used in a 3-week trial. In experiment 2, 120 108-d-old crossbred finishing pigs [], with an average BW of were used in a 10-week trial. Treatments were: CON, a corn-soybean meal-based diet; PKM, 8% PKM, and TPKM, 8% PKM and 10% tapioca. No difference was observed in growth performance or meat quality among treatments in growing pigs. In finishing pigs, no difference was observed in growth performance or meat quality among CON and TPKM dietary treatments. Finishing pigs fed PKM decreases in final BW and ADG compared with those fed CON. Meat quality was not affected by dietary treatments. In conclusion, dietary supplementation of tapioca alleviated anti-nutritional effect of PKM on growth performance in growing and finishing pigs. Thus, the PKM with tapioca could be an available alternative energy source to reduce the cost of pig diets.
 Keywords
Growth performance;Palm kernel meal;Tapioca;Pigs;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
Agunbiade JA, Wiseman J, Cole DJA 1999. Energy and nutrient use of palm kernels, palm kernel meal and palm kernel oil in diets for growing pigs. Animal Feed Science and Technology 80:165-181. crossref(new window)

2.
Ao X, Zhou TX, Meng QW, Lee JH, Jang HD, Cho JH, Kim IH. 2011. Effects of a carbohydrase cocktail supplementation on the growth performance, nutrient digestibility, blood profiles and meat quality in finishing pigs fed palm kernel meal. Livestock Science 137: 238-243. crossref(new window)

3.
Association of Official Analytical Chemists, 2012. Official Methods of Analysis. 19th ed. Assoc. Off. Anal. Chem., Gaithersburg, MD.

4.
Carvalho LPF, Cabrita ARJ, Dewhurst RJ, Vicente TEJ, Lopes ZMC, Fonseca AJM. 2006. Evaluation of palm kernel meal and corn distillers grains in corn silage- based diets for lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 89:2705-2715. crossref(new window)

5.
Chong CH, Zulkifli I, Blair R. 2008. Effects of dietary inclusion of palm kernel cake and palm oil, and enzyme supplementation on performance of laying hens. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences. 21: 1053-1058. crossref(new window)

6.
Hall MB, Chase LE. 2014. Responses of late-lactation cows to forage substitutes in low-forage diets supplemented with by-products. Journal of Dairy Science 97: 3042-3052. crossref(new window)

7.
Honikel KO. 1998. Reference methods for the assessment of physical characteristics of meat. Meat Science 49: 447-457. crossref(new window)

8.
Kauffman RG, Eikelenboom G, van der Wal PG, Engel B, Zaar M. 1986. A comparison of methods to estimate water-holding capacity in post-rigor porcine muscle. Meat Science 18: 307-322. crossref(new window)

9.
Kim BG, Lee JH, Jung HJ, Han YK, Park KM, Han IK. 2001. Effect of partial replacement of soybean meal with palm kernel meal and copra meal on growth performance, nutrient digestibility and carcass characteristics of finishing pigs. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 14:821-830. crossref(new window)

10.
Laudadio V, Tufarelli V. 2010. Growth performance and carcass and meat quality of broiler chickens fed diets containing micronized-dehulled peas (Pisum sativum cv. Spirale) as a substitute of soybean meal. Poultry science 89: 1537-1543. crossref(new window)

11.
Lee JW, Kil DY, Keever BD, Killefer J, McKeith FK, Sulabo RC, Stein HH. 2013. Carcass fat quality of pigs is not improved by adding corn germ, beef tallow, palm kernel oil, or glycerol to finishing diets containing distillers dried grains with solubles. Journal of animal science 91:2426-2437. crossref(new window)

12.
Lee S, Norman JM, Gunasekaran S, Van Laack RLJM, Kim BC, Kauffman RG. 2000. Use of electrical conductivity to predict water-holding capacity in post-rigor pork. Meat Science 55:385-389. crossref(new window)

13.
NPPC. 1991. Procedures to evaluate market hogs. National Pork Production Council, Des Moines, IA, USA.

14.
National Research Council. 1998. Nutrient requirements of swine. 10th Ed. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., USA.

15.
Park CS, Son AR, Kim BG. 2012. Prediction of gross energy and digestible energy in copra meal, palm kernel meal, and cassava root fed to pigs. Journal of animal science 90:221-223.

16.
Ponce LE, Gernat AG. 2002. The effect of using different levels of tilapia by-product meal in broiler diets. Poultry science 81:1045-1049. crossref(new window)

17.
Rhule SWA. 1996. Growth rate and carcass characteristics of pigs fed on diets containing palm kernel cake. Animal Feed Science and Technology 61:167-172. crossref(new window)

18.
SAS Institute. 1996. SAS user's guide: statistics. Version 7.0. Cary, NC: SAS Institute.

19.
Son AR, Ji SY, Kim BG. 2012. Digestible and metabolizable energy concentrations in copra meal, palm kernel meal, and cassava root fed to growing pigs. Journal of animal science 90:140-142. crossref(new window)

20.
Soukoulis C, Aprea E. 2012. Cereal bran fractionation: processing techniques for the recovery of functional components and their applications to the food industry. Recent patents on food, nutrition and agriculture 4:61-77.

21.
Sukaryana Y. 2013. Effect of palm kernel cake - cassava mixed fermentation product used toward broiler carcass weight pieces. Global Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Health Science 2:199-202.

22.
Tzudir I, Savino N, Das KC, 2012. Effect of replacement of maize with tapioca (Manihot esculenta) root meal on the performance of growing crossbred pigs. Livestock Research for Rural Development 24.

23.
Wu JF. 1991. Energy value of cassava for young swine. Journal of animal science 69:1349-1353.