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Physicochemical Properties of Colostrum by Milking Time of Gyeonggi Province
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 Title & Authors
Physicochemical Properties of Colostrum by Milking Time of Gyeonggi Province
Jeong, Seok-Geun; Ham, Jun-Sang; Kim, Dong-Hun; Ahn, Chong-Nam; Chae, Hyun-Seok; You, Young-Mo; Jang, Ae-Ra; Kwon, Il-Kyung; Lee, Seung-Gyu;
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Colostrum samples were collected from 36 dairy farms in Gyeonggi-do and one dairy farm in the National Institute of Animal Science (NIAS) for testing. Colostrum samples were analyzed for phisycochemicals (specific gravity, pH, titratable acidity), general components (fat, protein, lactose, total solid, solid non-fat (SNF)), fatty acids, amino acids, minerals, microflora, somatic cells, and Ig (Immunoglobulin). The first colostrum revealed the following data: fat contents were , proteins were , lactose , total solid , and SNF , whereas the 2nd (or ) colostrum revealed fat, proteins, lactose, total solid, and SNF. Also, the first colostrum revealed the contents of major amino acids as 0.89% aspartic acid, 0.71% threonine, 0.86% serine, 1.75% glutamic acid, 0.64% valine, 0.95% leucine, 0.83% lysine, and 0.95% proline, and those in the 10th colostrum were 0.25% aspartic acid, 0.15% threonine, 0.19% serine, 0.59% glutamic acid, 0.19% valine, 0.35% leucine, 0.31% lysine, and 0.34% proine. Major amino acid contents rapidly decreased as milking times increased. In the first colostrum, the following mineral contents were observed: there were 2,168 ppm in Ca, 1,959 ppm in P, 914 ppm in K, 761 ppm in Na, 287 ppm in Mg, 1.7 ppm in Fe, 14.3 ppm in Zn, and 1.0 ppm in Cu; while in the 10th colostrum, the following ppm contents were 1,389 in Ca, 1,323 in P, 838 in K, 427 in Na, 131 in Mg, 1.0 in Fe, 4.7 in Zn, and 1.3 in Cu. The mineral contents in a colostrum rapidly decreased as milking times increased.
colostrum;milking time;physicochemical characterization;dairy farm;
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