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Research on the Quality Characteristics of Domestic Colostrum according to the Processing Methods Employed
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Research on the Quality Characteristics of Domestic Colostrum according to the Processing Methods Employed
Jeong, Seok-Geun; Ham, Jun-Sang; Kim, Dong-Hun; Ahn, Chong-Nam; Chae, Hyun-Seok; You, Young-Mo; Jang, Ae-Ra; Kwon, Il-Kyung; Lee, Seung-Gyu;
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The characteristics of Holstein colostrum according to the methods that were employed in processing it were analyzed in this study to improve its industrial utilization. Colostrum samples were collected from the dairy farm of the National Institute of Animal Science (NIAS). The milk fat, protein, lactose, and SNF contents of colostrum were 4.34, 6.99, 3.37, and 11.10%, respectively. The effects of spray drying, freeze drying, freezing, acidification, and inoculation of lactic-acid bacteria on the characteristics of colostrum were then compared. The freezing of colostrum was found to be proper for long-term storage in a farm. Freeze-dried colostrum powder could not meet the processing requirements and the component standards for animal products in terms of the total bacterial and coliform bacteria counts, but spray-dried colostrum powder could meet the microbiological requirements because of its bactericidal effect during the spray-dry treatment. The inoculation of lactic-acid bacteria showed a better inhibitory effect on coliform than the acidification treatment, but protein precipitation appeared because of the low pH and the high acidity. To estimate the effects of the processing methods employed on the IgG of colostrum, the IgG contents of the milk treated by long temperature long time (LTLT) (, 30 min), by inoculating the lactic acid bacteria starter, by spray drying, and by freeze drying were measured. The IgG contents of the colostrum were changed significantly by the processing treatment employed, from 53.98 mg/mLto 33.28, 34.82, 21.98, and 36.89 mg/mL, respectively.
colostrum;immunoglobulin;long temperature long time;processing methods;
 Cited by
영.유아용 식품원료의 Bacillus cereus와 일반세균 모니터링 및 제조공정 중 미생물 품질제어,정우영;엄준호;김병조;주인선;김창수;김미라;변정아;박유경;손상혁;이은미;정래석;나미애;육동연;강지연;허옥순;윤민호;

한국식품과학회지, 2010. vol.42. 4, pp.494-501
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