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Influence of Microwave Pretreatment on the Formation of Heterocyclic Amines in Fried Beef Patties
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 Title & Authors
Influence of Microwave Pretreatment on the Formation of Heterocyclic Amines in Fried Beef Patties
Jung, Kyung-Hee; Shin, Han-Seung;
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 Abstract
Heterocyclic aromatic amines (HCAs) are potent mutagens and possible human carcinogens that are formed during the heating of protein-rich foods. The effects of preheating treatment of beef patties using a microwave prior to frying at for 10 min on each side on the reduction of HCAs (amino-carbolines and amino-imidazo-azaarenes) were evaluated. The amount of HCAs was then evaluated by solid-phase extraction and high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis. The beef patties were treated by microwaving for various times (0, 1, 1.5, 2, or 3 min) before pan-frying. The results revealed the presence of 3-amino-1-methyl-5H-pyrido[4,3-b]indole (Trp-P-2), 3-amino-1,4-dimethyl-5H-pyrido-[4,3-b] indole (Trp-P-1), 2-amino-6-methyldipyrido[1,2-a:3`,2`-d]imidazole (Glu-P-1), 2-aminodipyrido[1,2-a:3`,2`-d]imidazole (Glu-P-2), 9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole (Norharman), 1-methyl-9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole (Harman), 2-amino-9H-pyrido[2,3-b] indole (), 2-amino-3,8 dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]-quinoxaline (MeIQx) and 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]-pyridine (PhIP) in all samples. However, microwave pretreatment for 1 min inhibited the formation of these HCAs by up to 90% when compared to the control.
 Keywords
heterocyclic amine;beef patty;reduction;microwave;pretreatment;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
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