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Comparison of the Effects of Gamma Ray and Electron Beam Irradiation to Improve Safety of Spices for Meat Processing
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 Title & Authors
Comparison of the Effects of Gamma Ray and Electron Beam Irradiation to Improve Safety of Spices for Meat Processing
Kim, Byung-Hee; Kim, Hyun-Joo; Yoon, Yo-Han; Shin, Myung-Gon; Lee, Ju-Woon;
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This study evaluated the effects of gamma ray and electron beam (E-beam) to improve the safety of spices for meat processing. The spices (garlic powder, curry powder, turmeric powder, black pepper, white pepper, oregano, parsley, laurel leaf powder, basil, and rosemary) were irradiated by gamma ray and E-beam at 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 kGy. Total bacterial populations were then enumerated on total plate count agar, and bacteria isolated from the samples were identified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). In addition, values for Bacillus cereus and Staphylococcus aureus inoculated in spices was determined, and the Ames test was conducted for genotoxicity analysis. The contaminated total bacterial populations in spices ranged from 1.5 to 3.8 Log CFU/g, and most of identified bacteria were Bacillus spp., and Staphylococcus spp. However, the bacterial populations decreased below the detection limit (2 Log CFU/g) after irradiation at 4 kGy except for parsley, which required 6 kGy in gamma ray and 8 kGy in E-beam to decrease total bacterial populations below detection limit. values were also higher (p<0.05) in E-beam treated samples than gamma-ray treated samples. No genotoxicity was observed in both conditions with and without metabolic activation. These results indicate that gamma ray (>4 kGy and <6 kGy) could be more useful to improve food safety of meat processing spices compared to E-beam.
spices;gamma irradiation;electron beam irradiation;food safety;
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