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Effects of Chitosan with Different Molecular Weight and Nitrite Addition on the Residual Nitrite Contents and Self-life of Emulsified Sausage during Cold Storage
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 Title & Authors
Effects of Chitosan with Different Molecular Weight and Nitrite Addition on the Residual Nitrite Contents and Self-life of Emulsified Sausage during Cold Storage
Park, Woong-Yeoul; Kim, Young-Jik;
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The objective of this study was to determine the effects of residual nitrite contents, chitosan with different molecular weight and nitrite addition on emulsified sausage during cold storage. Six types of sausages were evaluated: control, 0.5% 50 kDa chitosan (T1), 0.5% 200 kDa chitosan (T2), 150 ppm nitrite (T3), 0.5% 50 kDa chitosan+150 ppm nitrite (T4), and 0.5% 200 kDa chitosan+150 ppm nitrite (T5). Each type of sausage was tested in triplicate and assigned to one of four storage periods: 0, 10, 20 and 30 days. As the storage time increased, the presence of chitosan and nitrite resulted in decreased residual nitrite value and increased pH (in control and T2), TBARS (thiobarbituric acid reactive substance) values, and total plate counts (TPC). Values for pH, TBARS, residual nitrite and total plate counts decreased significantly in response to the addition of chitosan and nitrite relative to the control (p<0.05). T5 was redder than the control (higher CIE) at 30 d; however, no difference in the CIE and values was observed. T5 was significantly (p<0.05) more effective at delaying lipid oxidation when compared to the other treatment groups. T5 presented TPC that was significantly lower (p<0.05) than the other groups after three days of storage. In addition, the use of chitosan and nitrite in combination had much better antioxidant and antimicrobial effectiveness than other treatment groups. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that the addition of 0.5% 200 kDa chitosan and 150 ppm nitrite in combination with emulsified sausages tended to improve antioxidative and antimicrobial effects during storage when compared to other treatment groups.
chitosan;nitrite;TBARS;residual nitrite contents;emulsified sausage;
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