JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effect of Sex on Quality Grade Factors, Physicochemical and Sensory Traits of Longissimus Dorsi in Hanwoo
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effect of Sex on Quality Grade Factors, Physicochemical and Sensory Traits of Longissimus Dorsi in Hanwoo
Lee, Jong-Moon; Choe, Ju-Hui; Oh, Mi-Hwa; Kim, Yong-Su; Cheon, Dong-Won; Seo, Sang-Chul; Hwang, Kyu-Seok; Jang, Ae-Ra;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The effect of cattle sex (cow, bull, and steer) on carcass traits of quality grade factors, physicochemical, and sensory traits of Longissimus Dorsi in Hanwoo was evaluated. Carcass traits of 42,113 heads were collected nation-wide and 257 heads were slaughtered to analyze beef quality. Sex affected significantly marbling score, meat color, fat color, texture, maturity, and quality grade of Hanwoo (p<0.05). Hanwoo steer carcasses had the highest marbling score (5.02), maturity (2.17), and texture (1.31) than those of cows and heifers. Crude fat of steers was higher than that of other cows and bulls. Steers showed the highest (39.01), Warner-Bratzler shear force (4.03 kg), and water holding capacity (57.08%), however, there was no significant differences between those of cows and bulls. Ultimate was shown difference among sex (5.58-5.69), however, the values remained within normal range. In sensory evaluation analyses, sex affected significantly tenderness, juiciness, and flavor (p<0.05). Also, the over all acceptability of steer beef was significantly higher than that of cow and bull beef. These results could be used as fundamental data set for further research activities to elevate Hanwoo beef qualities (p<0.05).
 Keywords
Hanwoo beef;cattle sex;carcass;quality;sensory;traits;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
고단백질 사료의 급여가 다산 한우 암소의 육생산량과 육질에 미치는 영향,이도형;윤우정;최낙진;류경선;오영균;장선식;최창원;주종원;조상범;김은중;

생명과학회지, 2011. vol.21. 9, pp.1251-1258 crossref(new window)
2.
한우 등심조직 내 heat shock protein beta 1 (HSPB1) 발현과 연도와의 관련성 연구,임다정;이승환;조용민;최봉환;채한화;성환후;홍성구;김남국;

생명과학회지, 2012. vol.22. 11, pp.1523-1528 crossref(new window)
3.
Comparison of Meat Color and Nutritional Composition of m. longissimus lumborum from Domestic Fed Hanwoo, Holstein and Imported Angus Steers,;;;;;;;;;

Journal of Animal Science and Technology, 2012. vol.54. 6, pp.455-462 crossref(new window)
4.
연령에 따른 한우 암소육의 산화안정성,강선문;성필남;강근호;박범영;조수현;

동물자원연구, 2012. vol.23. 2, pp.104-111
1.
Comparison of Meat Color and Nutritional Composition of m. longissimus lumborum from Domestic Fed Hanwoo, Holstein and Imported Angus Steers, Journal of Animal Science and Technology, 2012, 54, 6, 455  crossref(new windwow)
2.
Association of Heat Shock Protein Beta 1 (HSPB1) Gene Expression with Tenderness in Loin Muscle of Korean Cattle (Hanwoo), Journal of Life Science, 2012, 22, 11, 1523  crossref(new windwow)
3.
Effects of High Protein Diet on Meat Productivity and Quality in Multiparous Hanwoo Cull Cows, Journal of Life Science, 2011, 21, 9, 1251  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
Aldai, N., Aalhus, J. L., Dugan, M. E. R., Robertson, W. M., McAllister, T. A., Walter, L. J., and McKinnon, J. J. (2010) Comparison of wheat-versus corn-based dried distillers' with solubles on meat quality of feedlot cattle. Meat Sci. 84, 569-577. crossref(new window)

2.
Aldai, N., Murry, B. E., Olivan, M., Martinez, A., Troy, D. J., Osoro, K., and Najera, A. I. (2006) The influence of breed and mh-genotype on carcass conformation, meat physicochemical characteristics, and the fatty acid profile of muscle from yearling bulls. Meat Sci. 72, 486-495. crossref(new window)

3.
AOAC. (2000) Official methods of analysis. 17th ed, Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC, pp. 13-15.

4.
Bass, P. D., Engle, T. E., Belk, K. E., Chapman, P. L., Archibeque, S. L., Smith, G. C., and Tatum, J. D. (2010) Effects of sex and short-term magnesium supplementation on stress responses and longissimus muscle quality characteristics of crossbred cattle. J. Anim. Sci. 88, 349-360. crossref(new window)

5.
Blanco, M., Casasus, I., Ripoll, G., Alberti, P., and Joy, M. (2010) Lucerne grazing compared with concentrate-feeding slightly modifies carcase and meat quality of young bulls. Meat Sci. 84, 545-552. crossref(new window)

6.
Boggs, D. L. and Merkel, R. A. (1993) Live animal carcass evaluation and selection manual. Fourth Edition, Kendall/ Hunt Publishing Company. pp. 105-130.

7.
Boleman, S .L., Boleman, S . J., Morgan, W. W., Hale, D. S., Griffin, D. B., Savell, J. W., Ames, R. P., Smith, M. T., Tatum, J. D., Field, T .G., Smith, G. C., Gardner, B. A., Morgant, J. B., Northcutt, S. L., Dolezal, H. G., Gill, D. R., and Ray, F. K. (1998) National Beef Quality Aduit-1995: Survey of producer-related defects and carcass quality and quantity attributes. J. Anim. Sci. 76, 96-103.

8.
Choat, W. T., Paterson, A., Rainey, B. M., King, M. C., Smith, G. C., Belk, K. E., and Lipsey, R. J. (2006) The effect of cattle sex on carcass characteristics and longissimus muscle palatability. J. Anim. Sci. 84, 1820-1826. crossref(new window)

9.
Commission Internationale de I'Eclairage (1978) Recommendations on uniform color spaces -color difference equations - psychometric color terms (CIE publication no. 15 (E- 1.3.3)1971/(TC-1.3), supplement no. 2, pp. 8-12). Paris, France.

10.
Farrow, R. L., Loneragan, G. H., Pauli, J. W., and Lawrence, T. E. (2009) An exploratory observational study to develop an improved method for quantifying beef carcass salable meat yield. Meat Sci. 82, 143-150. crossref(new window)

11.
Ferrier, P. and Lamb, R. (2007) Government regulation and quality in the US beef market. Food Policy 32, 84-97. crossref(new window)

12.
Fiems, L. O., De Campeneere, S., Van Caelenbergh, W., De Boever, J. L., and Vanacker, J. M. (2003) Carcass and meat quality in double-muscled Belgian Blue bulls and cows. Meat Sci. 83, 345-352.

13.
Garcia, L. G., Nicholson, K. L., Hoffman, T. W., Lawrence, T. E., Hale, D. S., Griffin, D. S., Savell, D. S., Morgan, J. B., Belk, K. E., Field, T. J., Scanga, J. A., Tatum, J. D., and Smith, G. C. (2008) National Beef Quality Audit-2005: Survey of targeted cattle and carcass characteristics related to quality, quantity, and value of fed steers and heifers. J. Anim. Sci. 86, 3533-3543. crossref(new window)

14.
Gotoh, T., Albrecht, E., Teuscher, F., Kawabata, K., Sakashita, K., Iwamoto, H., and Wegner, J. (2009) Differences in muscle and fat accretion in Japanese Black and European cattle. Meat Sci. 82, 300-308. crossref(new window)

15.
Hoque, M. A., Hoosono, M., Oikawa, T., and Suzuki, K. (2009) Genetic parameters for measures of energetic efficiency of bulls and their relationships with carcass traits of field progeny in Japanese Black cattle. J. Anim. Sci. 87, 99-106.

16.
KAPE (Korea institute for animal products quality evaluation). (2009) Report of business for animal products grading service, Korea.

17.
King, D. A., Morgan, W. W., Miller, R. K., Sanders, J. O., Lunt, D. K., Taylor, J. F., Gill, C. A., and Savell, J. W. (2006) Carcass merit between and among family groups of Bos indicus crossbred steers and heifers. Meat Sci. 72, 496-502. crossref(new window)

18.
Laakkonen, E., Wellington, G. H., and Skerbon, J. W. (1970) Low temperature longtime heating of bovine. 1. Change in tenderness, water binding capacity, pH and amount of watersoluble component. J. Food Sci. 35, 175-177. crossref(new window)

19.
Leupp, J. L., Lardy, G. P., Bauer, M. L., Karges, K. K., Gibson, M. L., Caton, J. S., and Maddock, R. J. (2009) Effects of distillers dried grains with solubles on growing and finishing steer intake, performance, carcass characteristics, and steak color and sensory attributes. J. Anim. Sci. 87, 4118-4124. crossref(new window)

20.
Lorenzen, C., Hale, D. S., Griffin, D. B., Savell, J. W., Belk, K. E., Frederick, T. L., Miller, M. F., Montgomery, T. H., and Smith, G. C. (1993) National Beef Quality Audit-1991:Survey of producer-related defects and carcass quality and quantity attributes. J. Anim. Sci. 71, 1495-1502.

21.
Maggioni, D., Marques, J. A., Rotta, P. P., Perotto, D., Ducatti, T., Visentainer, J. V., and Prado, I. N. (2010) Animal performance and meat quality of crossbred young bulls. Livest. Sci. 127, 176-182. crossref(new window)

22.
Mandell, I. B., Gullett, E. A., Willton, J. W., Kemp, R. A., and Allen, O. B. (1997) Effect of gender and breed on carcass traits, chemical composition, and palatability in Hereford and Simmental bulls and steers. Livest. Prod. Sci. 49, 235-248. crossref(new window)

23.
Mckenna, D. R., Roeber, D. L., Bates, P. K., Schmidt, T. B., Hale, D. S., Griffin, D. B., Savell, J. W., Brooks, J. C., Morgan, J. B., Montgomery, T. H., Belkand, K. E., and Smith, G. C. (2002) National Beef Quality Audit-2000: Survey of targeted cattle and carcass characteristics related to quality, quantity, and value of fed steers and heifers. J. Anim. Sci. 80, 1212-1222.

24.
Montgomery, J. L., Krehbiel, C. R., Cranston, J. J., Yates, D. A., Hutcheson, J. P., Nichols, W. T., Streeter, M. N., Bechtol, D. T., Johnson, E., TerHune, T., and Montgomery, T. H. (2009) Dietary zilpaterol hydrochloride. I. Feedlot performance and carcass traits of steers and heifers. J. Anim. Sci. 87, 1374-1383. crossref(new window)

25.
Moon, S. S., Yang, H. S., Park, G. B., and Joo, S. T. (2006) The relationship of physiological maturity and marbling judged according to Korean grading system to meat quality traits of Hanwoo beef females. Meat Sci. 74, 516-521. crossref(new window)

26.
Panjono, Kang, S. M., Lee, I. S., and Lee, S. K. (2009) Carcass characteristics of Hanwoo (Korean cattle) from different sex conditions, raising altitudes and slaughter seasons. Livest.Sci. 123, 283-287. crossref(new window)

27.
Park, G. B., Moon, S. S., Ko, Y. D., Ha, J. K., Lee, J. G., Chang, H. H., and Joo, S. T. (2002) Influence of slaughter weight and sex on yield and quality grades of Hanwoo (Korean native cattle) carcasses. J. Anim. Sci. 80, 129-136.

28.
Rathmann, R. J., Mehaffey, J. M., Baxa, T. J., Nichols, W. T., Yates, D. A., Hutcheson, J. P., Brooks, J. C., Johnson, B. J., and Miller, M. F. (2009) Effects of duration of zilpaterol hydrochloride and days on the finishing diet on carcass cutability,composition, tenderness, and skeletal muscle gene expression in feedlot steers. J. Anim. Sci. 87, 3686-3701. crossref(new window)

29.
Reinhardt, C. D., Busby, W. D., and Corah, L. R. (2009) Relationship of various incoming cattle traits with feedlot performance and carcass traits. J. Anim. Sci. 87, 3030-3042. crossref(new window)

30.
Sami, A. S., Augustini, C., and Schwarz, F. J. (2004) Effect of feeding intensity and time on feed on performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality of Simmental bulls. Meat Sci. 67, 195-201. crossref(new window)

31.
SAS (2004) SAS /STAT software for PC. Version 9.1., SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA.

32.
Sasaki, Y., Miyake, T., Gaillard, C., Oguni, T., Matsumoto, M., Ito, M., Kurahara, T., Sasae, Y., Fujinaka, K., Ohtagaki, S., and Dougo, T. (2006) Comparison of genetic gains per year for carcass traits among breeding programs in the Japanese Brown and Japanese Black cattle. J. Anim. Sci. 84, 317-323.

33.
Serra, X., Gil, M., Gispert, M., Guerrero, L., Oliver, M. A., Sanudo, C., Campo, M. M., Panea, B., Olleta, J. L., Quintanilla, R., and Piedrafita, J. (2004) Characterisation of young bulls of the Bruna dels Pirineus cattle breed (selected from old Brown Swiss) in relation to carcass, meat quality and biochemical traits. Meat Sci. 66, 425-436. crossref(new window)

34.
Shook, N., VanOverbeke, D. L., Kinman, L. A., Krehbiel, C. R., Holland, B. P., Streeter, M. N., Yates, D. A., and Hilton, G. G. (2009) Effects of zilpaterol hydrochloride and zilpaterol hydrochloride withdrawal time on beef carcass cutability, composition, and tenderness. J. Anim. Sci. 87, 3677-3685. crossref(new window)

35.
Song, M. K., Jin, G. L., Ji, B. J., Chang, S. S., Jeong, J., Smith, S. B., and Choi, S. H. (2010) Conjugated linoleic acids content in M. longssimus dorsi of Hanwoo steers fed a concentrate supplemeted with soybean oil, sodium bicarbonate- based monensin, fish oil. Meat Sci. 85, 210-214. crossref(new window)

36.
USDA-AMS (2002) United States standards for livestock and meat marketing claims. Federal Register 67, 79552-79556.

37.
Van Donkersgoed, J., Jewison, G., Bygrove, S., Gillis, K., Malchow, D., and McLeod, G. (2001) Canadian beef quality audit 1998-99. Can. Vet. J. 42, 121-126.

38.
Wheeler, T. L., Shackelford, S. D., and Koohmaraie, M. (2000) Relationship of beef longissimus tenderness classes to tenderness of gluteus medius, semimembrano and biceps femoris. J. Anim. Sci. 78, 2856-2861.

39.
Yu, L. H., Lim, D. G., Jeong, S. G., In, T. S., Kim, J. H., Ahn, C. N., Kim C. J., and Park, B. Y. (2008) Effects of temperatre conditioning on postmortem changes in physico-chemical properties in Korean native cattle (Hanwoo). Meat Sci. 79, 64-70. crossref(new window)

40.
日本農林水産省. (2005) 家畜改良增殖目標. pp. 13-16.