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Changes of Amino Acid, Fatty Acid and Lipid Composition by the Growth Period in Velvet Antler
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 Title & Authors
Changes of Amino Acid, Fatty Acid and Lipid Composition by the Growth Period in Velvet Antler
Jeon, Byong-Tae; Moon, Sang-Ho; Lee, Sang-Rak; Kim, Myeong-Hwa;
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 Abstract
This study was aimed at investigating the differences in chemical composition of antler according to growing days (80 d and 90 d after casting) and sections (upper, middle, base) in elk. Antlers of six bulls (aged 3 years) cutted on day 80 and 90 after casting were used in this trial and compared chemical composition such as crude protein, crude fat, crude ash, calcium, magnesium, amino acids, lipids, and fatty acids. The contents of crude protein and ether extract were higher in antlers cutted on day 80 than in antlers cutted on day 90, but that of crude ash was higher in antlers cutted on day 90. Significantly difference was observed in crude protein content between growing days in middle part of antler (p<0.05). Calcium and magnesium contents were higher on 90 d than 80 d, but there was no significant difference between growing days of antler. Based on the growing period of antler, there were significant differences (p<0.05) in aspartic acid, threonine, valine, leucine, phenylalanine and lysine, and essential amino acids content was higher in antlers cutted on day 80. Total lipid, neutral lipid, and phospholipid contents were higher in antlers cutted on day 80 than in those cutted on day 90, sphingo-phospholipid content was higher than glycerophospholipid content and values was higher in antlers cutted on day 80 than in those cutted on day 90. For total fatty acids, unsaturated fatty acids composition, there was no significant difference between growing periods of antlers, but values was higher on day 80 than on day 90. Essential fatty acids contents were lower in antler cutted on day 90 than antlers cutted on day 80 and higher for upper part than lower part.
 Keywords
velvet antler;amino acids;total lipid;phospholipid;fatty acids;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
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Bioactive components of velvet antlers and their pharmacological properties, Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, 2014, 87, 229  crossref(new windwow)
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