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Effects of Addition of Pine Needle Extracts in Different Forms on the Antioxidant and Residual Nitrite Contents of Emulsified Sausages during Cold Storage
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 Title & Authors
Effects of Addition of Pine Needle Extracts in Different Forms on the Antioxidant and Residual Nitrite Contents of Emulsified Sausages during Cold Storage
Kim, Young-Jik;
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The objective of this study was to determine the shelf-life effects and residual nitrite content of emulsified sausages added with pine needles during cold storage. The sausage consisted of four types: no pine needles added (control), pine needle juice added (T1), ethanol extract of pine needles added (T2), and boiling extract of pine needles added (T3). Each sausage type was tested in triplicate and assigned to one of four storage periods: 0, 10, 20, or 30 d. As storage time increased, the presence of pine needles resulted in decreased pH, meat color (CIE , and ), residual nitrite value, and increased thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) values and total plate counts (TPC). Values for pH, TBARS, residual nitrite, total plate counts and CIE and decreased significantly with added pine needles relative to the control (p<0.05). In particular, T2 was significantly (p<0.05) more effective for delaying lipid oxidation than the other treatment groups. In conclusion, the results demonstrate that adding an ethanol extract of pine needles (T2) to emulsified sausages tended to improve antioxidative and antimicrobial effects and reduce residual nitrite content during storage compared to the other treatment groups.
pine needle;thiobarbituric acid reactive substances;residual nitrite contents;emulsified sausage;
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