Aksu, D. S., Aksu, T., Ozsoy, B., and Baytok, E. (2010) Effects of replacing inorganic with a lower level of organically complexed minerals (Cu, Zn and Mn) in broiler diets on lipid peroxidation and antioxidant defense systems. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 23, 1066-1072.
Angel, S., Weinberg, Z. G., Polisluk, O., Heit, M., Plavnik, I., and Bartov, I. (1985) A connection between a dietary coccidiostat and skin tears of female broiler chickens. Poult. Sci. 64, 294-296.
Ao, T., Pierce, J. I., Power, R., Pescator, A. J., Cantor, A. H., Dawson, K. A., and Ford, M. J. (2009) Effects of feeding different forms of zinc and copper on the performance and tissue mineral content of chicks. Poult. Sci. 88, 2171-2175.
AOAC (2000) Official methods of analysis. 17th ed, Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC.
Bao, Y. M., Choct, M., Iji, P. A., and Brueton, K. (2007) Effect of organically complexed copper, iron, manganese, and zinc on broiler performance, mineral excretion, and accumulation in tissues. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 16, 448-455.
Bonimi, A., Quarantelli, A., Superchi, P., Sabbioni, A., and Lucchelli, L. (1983) Chelated trace element complexes in the feeding of broiler chicken. Annali-della-Facolta-di-Medicina-Veterinaria-di-Parma. 3, 103-118.
Bou, R., Guardiola, F., Tres, A., Barroeta, A. C., and Codony, R. (2004) Effect of dietary fish oil, tocopheryl acetate, and zinc supplementation on the composition and consumer acceptability of chicken meat. Poult. Sci. 83, 282-292.
Bou, R., Guardiola, F., Barroeta, A. C., and Codony, R. (2005) Effect of dietary fat sources and zinc and selenium supplements on the composition and consumer acceptability of chicken meat. Poult. Sci. 84, 1129-1140.
Cahaner, A., Gutman, M., and Pines, M. (1993) Genetic and phenotypic association between skin tearing and skin collagen, protein, and fat in broilers. Poult. Sci. 72, 1832-1840.
Costa, M. A. G. (2005) O papel do zinco e do cromo no desempenho das porcas. In: Porkworld ano 4, no. 26 (maio/ junho). AUTH QUERY: Is Porkworld a magazine? Animal World, Pauly'nia, Sa˜o Paulo, Brazil, pp. 58-60.
Cross, H. R., Durland, P. R., and Seideman, S. C. (1986) Sensory qualities of meat. In: Muscles as Food, Academic Press, NY, pp. 279-320.
Deniz, G., Genzen, S. S., and Turkman, I. I. (2005) Effects of two supplemental dietary selenium sources (mineral and organic) on broiler performance and drip-loss. Rev. Med. Vet. 156, 423-426.
Edens, F. W., Carter, T. A., and Sefton, A. E. (1996) Influence of dietary selenium sources on post mortem drip loss from breast meat of broilers grown on different litters. Poult. Sci. 75, 60.
El Swak, A. A., El Katche, M. I., El Bayomi, K. M., Ismail, E. Y., and Banna, E. S. (1992) Effect of certain nutrients on skin wound healing in laboratory rats. I. Effect of zinc deficiency and zinc supplementation. Egyptian J. Com. Patho. and Clin. Pathol. 5, 109-121.
Fjolstad, M. and Helle, O. (1974) A hereditary dysplasia of collagen tissues in sheep. J. Pathol. 112, 183-188.
Harkness, R. D. (1971) Mechanical properties of skin in relation to its biological function and its chemical components. In: Biophysical properties of the skin. Elden, H. R. (ed.) Wiley-Interscience, NY, pp. 394-436.
Hess, J. B., Bilgili, S. F., Parson, A. M., and Downs, K. M. (2001) Influence of complexed zinc products on live performance and carcass grade of broilers. J. Appl. Anim. Res. 19, 49-60.
Hudson, B. P., Fairchild, B. D., and Wilson, J. L. (2004) Breeder age and zinc source in broiler breeder hen diets on progeny characteristics at hatching. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 13, 55-64.
Johnson, R. W., Escobar, J., and Webel, D. M. (2001) Nutrition and immunology of swine. In: Swine Nutrition. Lewis, A. J. and Southern, L. L. (ed.) CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, pp. 545-562.
Kristensen, L. and Purslow, P. P. (2001) The effect of ageing on the water-holding capacity of pork: role of cytoskeletal proteins. Meat Sci. 58, 17-23.
Leeson, S., and Summers, J. D. (2005) Commercial Poultry Nutrition. Univ. Books, Guelph, Ontario, Canada.
Mehring, A. L., Brumbaugh, J. H., and Titus, H. W. (1956) A comparison of the growth of chicks fed diets containing different quantities of zinc. Poult. Sci. 35, 956-958.
Miller, E. R., Stowe, H. D., Ku, P. K., and Hill, G. M. (1979) In: Copper and zinc in animal nutrition. Literature Review Committee, National Feed Ingredients Association, West Des Moines, IA.
National Research Council (1994) Nutrient requirements of poultry. 9th ed. Natl. Acad. Press, Washington, DC.
Peric, L., Milosevic, N., Zikic, D., Kanacki, Z., Dzinic, N., Nollet, L., and Spring, P. (2009) Effect of selenium sources on performance and meat characteristics of broiler chickens. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 18, 403-409.
Peryam, D. R. and Girardot, N. (1952) Advanced taste-tes method. Food Eng. 24, 58-61.
Petrovic, V., Marcincak, S., popelka, P., Nollet, L., and Kovac, G. (2009) Effect of dietary supplementation of trace elements on the lipid peroxidation in broiler meat assessed after a refrigerated and frozen storage. J. Anim. Feed Sci. 18, 499-507.
Pinion, J. L, Bilgili, S. F., and Hess, J. B. (1995) The effects of halofuginone and salinomycin, alone and in combination, on live performance and skin characteristics of female broilers: influence of a high-proline diet supplemented with ascorbic acid and zinc. Poult. Sci. 74, 383-390.
Pitcovski, J., Pinchasov, Y., Meron, M., and Malka, I. (1994) The influence of sex, climate, and body weight on skin tears and muscle damage during plucking of broiler chickens. Poult. Sci. 73, 733-738.
Rossi, P., Rutz, F., Anciuti, M. A., Rech, J. L., and Zauk, N. H. F. (2007) Influence of graded levels of organic zinc on growth performance and carcass traits of broilers. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 16, 219-225.
Rostan, E. F., DeBuys, H. V., Madey, D. L., and Pinnell, S. R. (2002) Evidence supporting zinc as an important antioxidant for skin. Int. J. Derm. 41, 606-611.
Saenmahayak, B. (2007) Complexed trace mineral supplementation of broiler diets. MS thesis, Auburn University, AL, USA.
Salim, H. M., Lee, H. R., Jo, C., Lee, S. K., and Lee, B. D. (2008) Zinc in broiler feeding and nutrition. Avian Biol. Res. 1, 5-18.
Salim, H. M., Lee, H. R., Jo, C., Lee, S. K., and Lee, B. D. (2010) Effect of sources and levels of zinc on the tissue mineral concentration and carcass quality of broilers. Avian Biol. Res. 3, 23-29.
SAS (2003) SAS User's Guide: Statistics. Release 9.1. SAS Institute, Inc., Cary, NC.
Schleifer, J. (1988) Costly skin tear problem has several major causes. Poult. Dig. December, 580-586.
Scott, M. L., Nesheim, M. C., and Yang, R. J. (1982) Essential inorganic elements In: Nutrition of the chicken. Scott, M.L (ed) Humphrey Press Inc, Geneva, NY, pp. 277-382.
Smolinska, T. and Korzeniowska, M. (2005) Evaluation of the PSE and DFD abnormalities occurrence in chicken meat. XVII The European Symposium on the Quality of Poultry Meat, Doorwerth, The Netherlands, pp.190-193.
Stahl, J. L., Cook, M. E., Sunde, M. L., and Greger, J. L. (1989) Enhanced humoral immunity in progeny chicks from hens fed practical diets supplemented with zinc. Appl. Agric. Sci. 4, 86-89.
Tian, G. and Yu, B. (2001) Recent advances in flavour of chicken quality. Chin. Sichuan Anim. Sci. Vet. Med. 28, 54-55.
Wang, X., Fosmire, G. J., Gay, C. V., and Leach, R. M. (2002) Short-term zinc deficiency inhibits chondrocyte proliferation and induces cell apoptosis in the epiphyseal growth plate of young chickens. J. Nutr. 132, 665-673.
Webb, K. E., Wong, E. A., Pan, Y. X., Chen, H., Poole, C. A., Van, L., and Klang, J. E. (2005) The role of peptides in absorption pathways. In: Redefining mineral nutrition. Taylor-Pickard, J. A. and Tucker, L. A. (eds) Nottingham Univ. Press, Nottingham, UK, pp. 197-225.
Young, R. J., Edwards, H. M., Jr., and Gillis, M. B. (1958) Studies on zinc in poultry nutrition: Zinc requirement and deficiency symptoms of chicks. Poult. Sci. 37, 1101-1107.