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Association between SNP Marker of Uncoupling Protein 3 Gene and Meat Yield and Marbling Score Traits in Korean Cattle
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 Title & Authors
Association between SNP Marker of Uncoupling Protein 3 Gene and Meat Yield and Marbling Score Traits in Korean Cattle
Chung, Eui-Ryong; Shin, Sung-Chul; Heo, Jae-Pil;
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It is well established that uncoupling protein 3 (UCP3) is expressed largely in skeletal muscle, white adipose tissue and brown adipose tissue and has been suggested to play important roles in regulating energy expenditure, body weight, thermoregulation as well as fatty acid metabolism and obesity. Therefore, the UCP3 gene was selected as a candidate gene for carcass and meat quality traits in Korean cattle. The objective of this study was to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the UCP3 gene and to evaluate the association of UCP3 SNP markers with carcass and meat quality traits in Korean cattle. The five exons in the UCP3 gene were sequenced, and ten SNPs were identified. The PCR-SSCP method was then developed to genotype the individuals examined. The g.3076A>G genotype was significantly associated with marbling score (MS) of Korean cattle. Animals with the AA genotype had a higher MS than those with the AG and GG genotypes. No significant associations of the SNP g.3076A>G were observed for any traits. In conclusion, although SNP g.3076A>G, which showed an association with MS, does not cause amino acid changes, this SNP may be used as a DNA marker to select animals that have higher intramuscular fat content.
uncoupling protein 3 gene;single nucleotide polymorphisms marker;meat quality traits;marbling score;Korean cattle;
 Cited by
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