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Effect of Red Ginseng Extracts on the Qualities of Low Salt and Low Fat Pork Sausage
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 Title & Authors
Effect of Red Ginseng Extracts on the Qualities of Low Salt and Low Fat Pork Sausage
Kim, Il-Suk; Jin, Sang-Keun; Kang, Suk-Nam;
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In this study, the effects of red ginseng extracts (RGE), which has been used as an antioxidant and antimicrobial agent, on pork sausage were evaluated. The treatments were as follows; addition of 0.01% sodium ascorbate (V), 0.5% RGE (T1), 1.0% RGE (T2) and 1.5% RGE (T3) to the basal formula (C). T3 had a significantly higher pH, cooking loss and yellowness () and lower lightness (CIE ) and redness (CIE ) than the other samples. The hardness and surface hardness values of 1.5% RGE treated sample were significantly lower (p<0.01) than those of C. However, the cohesiveness values of the RGE samples were higher than the others (p<0.05). In the sensory evaluation, no significant differences in color, taste, texture, juiciness and acceptability were observed among the tested samples, while, the aroma scores of T2 and T3 were higher than those of the C and V samples (p<0.05). The TBARS values of RGE treated groups were higher (p<0.05) than the C sample after 1, 2 and 3 weeks of storage; however, this value did not increase with storage time (p>0.05). When the RGE concentration was high, the reduction in total plate counts and VBN value at week 3 and 4 of storage (p<0.01) decreased. In conclusion, red ginseng extracts seemed to have a positive impact on lipid oxidation, aroma and the microbial characteristics of pork sausage.
red ginseng extract;sausage;thiobarbituric acid reactive substances;sensory evaluation;
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