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Inactivation Efficiency of Escherichia coli and Listeria monocytogenes in Ground Pork by Combination of Natural Food Ingredients and High Pressure Processing
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 Title & Authors
Inactivation Efficiency of Escherichia coli and Listeria monocytogenes in Ground Pork by Combination of Natural Food Ingredients and High Pressure Processing
Jung, Samooel; Yun, Hye-Jeong; Kim, Hyun-Joo; Ham, Jun-Sang; Kim, Il-Suk; Lee, Moo-Ha; Jo, Cheorun;
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The objective of this study was to examine the effects of a combined treatment regarding antimicrobial food ingredients and high pressure processing (HP) on the inactivation efficiency of Escherichia coli and Listeria monocytogenes inoculated into ground pork. Ethanol extracted from garlic, leeks, onions, and ginger powder was prepared. Half of the prepared powder was irradiated at 5 kGy to see the effect of pasteurization before addition. The prepared food ingredients were added into radiation-sterilized ground pork (1%, w/w), and inoculated with E. coli and L. monocytogenes. The samples were vacuum-packed and applied with HP at 0.1 (control), 300, 450, and 600 MPa. Microbial log reduction increased with the increase of pressure up to 600 MPa. With minor exceptions, overall efficiency of HP treatment with regards to inactivation of pathogens increased. Inoculated microorganisms showed approximately 7-8 Log reductions by 600 MPa, except for L. monocytogenes treated with garlic (5.7 Log reductions). The E. coli reduction in ground pork mixed with ethanol extracted garlic showed the highest efficiency (1.86) compared to leeks (1.25-1.31), onions (1.17-1.44), and ginger (1.50-1.82) when treated at an HP of 450 MPa. There was no evidence for the advantage of pasteurization concerning the food ingredients before addition of antimicrobial food ingredients and HP. Results demonstrate that the combination of antimicrobial food ingredients and HP treatment may help improve the efficiency of sterilization in meat systems.
food ingredients;pork;high pressure;combination;
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