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Comparison of Meat Quality Traits, Free Amino Acid and Fatty Acid on Longissimus Lumborum Muscles from Hanwoo, Holstein and Angus Steers, Fattened in Korea
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 Title & Authors
Comparison of Meat Quality Traits, Free Amino Acid and Fatty Acid on Longissimus Lumborum Muscles from Hanwoo, Holstein and Angus Steers, Fattened in Korea
Jeong, Da-Woon; Oh, Mi-Ra; Seong, Pil-Nam; Cho, Soo-Hyun; Kang, Geun-Ho; Kim, Jin-Hyung; Jeong, Seok-Geun; Lee, Jun-Soo; Park, Beom-Young;
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This study was conducted to compare meat quality traits related to the tenderness of longissimus muscles obtained from domestic and imported steers. A total of 12 steers from three breeds were slaughtered, and were graded as quality grade 2. They were composed of 4 Hanwoo and 4 Holstein steers (domestic) as well as 4 Angus steers (imported from Australia and gained for six months in Korea until slaughtered). The longissimus lumborum muscles were separated and were stored at for 7 and 14 d. Sarcomere length of Hanwoo was significantly shorter than Holstein and Angus at storage day 14 (p<0.05). The myofibrillar index was significantly lower on Hanwoo than Angus at ageing day 7, and was significantly lower than Holstein and Angus steers at storage day 14 (p<0.05). Total collagen contents of Hanwoo and Angus steers were significantly higher than Holstein on storage day 7 (p<0.05), whereas soluble collagen contents of Holstein were significantly higher than Hanwoo and Angus on storage days 7 and 14 (p<0.05). There was no significant difference in the fatty acid composition of the three breeds (p>0.05). Glutamic acid contents of Hanwoo and Angus steers were higher than those of Holstein steers at ageing day 7 and 14 (p<0.05). The results of this study have shown that there were no dramatic differences between beef from the three breeds that were fattened for 6 months under equal conditions.
Hanwoo;Holstein;Angus;tenderness;meat quality;
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