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Screening and Characterization of Lactobacillus casei MCL Strain Exhibiting Immunomodulation Activity
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Screening and Characterization of Lactobacillus casei MCL Strain Exhibiting Immunomodulation Activity
Choi, Jae-Kyoung; Lim, Yea-Seul; Kim, Hee-Jin; Hong, Yeong-Ho; Ryu, Buom-Yong; Kim, Geun-Bae;
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As an appraisal for the application of a new starter culture, more than 200 lactic acid bacteria strains were isolated from raw milk and healthy human feces. The strains showing excellent growth and acid production ability in 10% skim milk media were selected and identified as Lactobacillus casei based on the results of their API carbohydrate fermentation patterns, as well as 16S rDNA sequence analysis. To assess the effect of L. casei strains on irritable bowel disease (IBD), the inhibitory effect of the selected strains against the nitric oxide (NO) production of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells was measured. Among the tested L. casei strains, L. casei MCL was observed to have the greatest NO inhibitory activity. Additionally, L. casei MCL was found to inhibit mRNA expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines (interleukin-, IL-6, TNF-), as well as cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) involved in pathophysiologic processes such as inflammation. The mRNA expression of anti-inflammatory cytokines, including IL-10 and transforming growth factor- (TGF-) of L. casei MCL, was confirmed using quantitative real-time PCR. In conclusion, L. casei MCL showed decreases in the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and up-regulated expression of the anti-inflammatory cytokine.
immunomodulating;Lactobacillus casei;probiotics;cytokine;
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