JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Influences of Feeding Seleniferous Whole Crop Barley on Growth Performance, Blood and Carcass Characteristics, and Tissue Selenium Deposition in Finishing Barrows
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Influences of Feeding Seleniferous Whole Crop Barley on Growth Performance, Blood and Carcass Characteristics, and Tissue Selenium Deposition in Finishing Barrows
HwangBo, Soon; Jo, Ik Hwan; Kim, Guk Won; Choi, Chang Weon; Lee, Sung Hoon; Han, Ouk Kyu; Park, Tae Il; Choi, In Bae;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The present study has been conducted to investigate the effects of feeding seleniferous whole crop barley (WCB) to finishing pigs on their growth performance, blood and carcass characteristics as well as on tissue selenium deposition. A total of 40 cross-bred barrows ((LandraceYorkshire)Duroc) were allotted to five replicates of four treatments. Each replicate was arranged to 2 pigs per pen; the experimental period lasted for 6 weeks. The finishing pigs were fed diets containing 0.1 (non-seleniferous WCB as a control), 0.2, 0.4 and 0.6 ppm of selenium (Se) by supplementing the diets with seleniferous WCB. The isonitrogenous and isocaloric diets containing 5% non-seleniferous or seleniferous WCB were formulated. Feeding seleniferous WCB did not affect (p<0.05) the feed intake and BW gain. Total blood lipid concentration was significantly (p<0.05) decreased with increasing Se levels. Total blood cholesterol concentration for the control was significantly (p<0.05) higher than that for 0.4 and 0.6 ppm of Se treatments. Increasing the Se levels in WCB significantly (p<0.05) decreased blood triglyceride concentration; however, the levels increased immunoglobulin G and selenium concentrations. Feeding seleniferous WCB did not affect the carcass rate, backfat thickness and meat quality as well as yield grades. The Se concentration in the kidney, liver and loin were significantly (p<0.05) increased with increasing levels of seleniferous WCB. The results indicated that feeding seleniferous WCB may improve the blood characteristics related to lipid metabolism and thus, could produce selenium-fortified pork. Moreover, it is shown that the dietary optimal selenium level to depose selenium in porcine tissues by utilizing seleniferous WCB would be 0.4 mg of Se/kg of ration. Moreover, when 100 g of pork produced from pigs raised under such condition is served to consumers, it meets the minimum recommended daily requirements (40 ) of dietary selenium proposed by the World Health Organization (1996).
 Keywords
selenium;seleniferous whole crop barley;blood metabolites;carcass characteristics;pigs;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
AOAC (1995) Official Methods of Analysis. 16th ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC.

2.
Arthur, J. R., Nicol, F., and Beckett. G. J. (1993) Selenium deficiency, thyroid hormone metabolism, and thyroid hormone deiodinases. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 57, 236-239.

3.
Awadeh, F. T., Kincaid, R. L., and Johnson, K. A. (1998) Effect for level and source of dietary selenium on concentrations of thyroid hormones and immunoglobulins in beef cows and calves. J. Anim. Sci. 76, 1204-1215.

4.
Cho, J. H. (2006) Effects of feeding rye silage in finishing pigs and replacing gilts. MSc thesis, Dankook Univ., Seoul, Korea.

5.
Cho, J. H., Han, Y. K., Min, B. J., Chen, Y. J., Kim, H. J., Yoo, J. S., Kim, J.W., and Kim, I.H. (2006) Effect of feeding rye silage and feed restriction on both growth and reproductive performances in replacing gilts. J. Anim. Sci. Technol. (Kor.) 48, 69-76. crossref(new window)

6.
Combs, G.F. and Combs, S.B. (1986) The role of selenium in Nutrition. Academic press. Inc., NY, pp. 1-5.

7.
Dierick, N.A., Vervaeke, I.J. Demeyera, D.I., and Decuyperea, J.A. (1989) Approach to the energetic importance of fibre digestion in pigs. I. Importance of fermentation in the overall energy supply. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 23, 141-167. crossref(new window)

8.
Finley, J. W. (2000) Does selenium accumulation in meat confer a health benefit to the consumer? Proc. Soc. Anim. Sci. pp. 1-10.

9.
Garnier, J. P., Klont, R., and Plastow, G. (2003) The potential impact of current animal research on the meat industry and consumer attitudes towards meat. Meat Sci. 63, 79-88. crossref(new window)

10.
Greeder, G.A. and Milner, J.A. (1980) Factors influencing the inhibitory effect of selenium on mice, inoculated with Ehrlich ascites tumor cells. Science 209, 825-826. crossref(new window)

11.
Gunter, S. A., Beck, P. A., and Philips, J. M. (2003) Effects of supplementary selenium source on the performance and blood measurements in beef cows and their calves. J. Anim. Sci. 81, 856-864.

12.
Hidiroglou, M. D., Heanley, P., and Jenkins, K. J. (1968) Metabolism of inorganic selenium in rumen bacteria. Can. J. Physiol. Pharm. 46, 229-232. crossref(new window)

13.
Hintze, K. J., Lardy, G. P., Marchello, M. J., and Finley, J. W. (2001) Areas with high concentrations of selenium in the soil and forage produce beef with enhanced concentrations of selenium. J. Agric. Food Chem. 49, 1062-1067. crossref(new window)

14.
Jia, X., Li, N., and Chen, J. (2005) A subchronic toxicity study of elemental Nano-Se in Sprague-Dawley rats. Life Sci. 76, 1989-2003. crossref(new window)

15.
Jun, Y. S. and Choi, M. K. (2002) Effect of copper and selenium supplementation on lipid contents in rats. J. East Asian Soc. Dietary Life. 12, 100-106.

16.
KAPE. (2012) http://www.ekape.or.kr/ accessed on June 30, 2012.

17.
Kass, M. L., Van Soest, P. J., and Pond, W. G. (1980) Utilization of dietary fiber from alfalfa by growing swine. II. Volatile fatty acid concentrations in and disappearance from the gastrointestinal tract. J. Anim. Sci. 50, 192-197.

18.
Kim, Y. Y. and Mahan, D. C. (2001) Comparative effects of high dietary levels of organic and inorganic selenium on selenium toxicity of growing-finishing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 79, 942-948.

19.
Kim, Z., Choi, S.C., and Chae, B .J. (2006) Effect of dietary vitamin E and selenium on growth performance, nutrient digestibility and pork quality in finishing pigs. Annals Anim. Resour. Sci. 17, 28-35.

20.
Lawler, T. L., Taylor, J. B., Finley, J. W., and Caton, J. S. (2004) Effect of supranutritional and organically bound selenium on performance, carcass characteristics, and selenium distribution in finishing beef steers. J. Anim. Sci. 82, 1488- 1493.

21.
Lee, S. H., Jo, I. H., Kim, G. W., Hwangbo, S., Han, O. K., Song, T. H., Park, T. I., and Choi, I. B. (2012) Influences of seleniferous whole crop barley supplement on growth performance and blood characteristics in growing pigs. J. Kor. Grassl. Forage Sci. 32, 39-48. crossref(new window)

22.
Lee, S. H., Park, B. Y., and Kim, W. Y. (2004) Effects of spent composts of Se-enriched mushrooms on carcass characteristics, plasma GSH-Px activity, and Se deposition in finishing Hanwoo steers. J. Anim. Sci. Technol. (Kor.) 46, 799- 810. crossref(new window)

23.
MAF and National Institute of Animal Science. (2007) Korean Feeding Standard for Swine. Sangroksa

24.
Mahan, D. C., Cline, T. R., and Richert, B. (1999) Effects of dietary levels of selenium-enriched yeast and sodium selenite as selenium sources fed to growing-finishing pigs on performance, tissue selenium, serum glutathione peroxidase activity, carcass characteristics and loin quality. J. Anim. Sci. 77, 2172-2179.

25.
Mahan, D. C. and Parrett, N. A. (1996) Evaluating the efficacy of selenium-enriched yeast and sodium selenite on tissue selenium retention and serum glutathione peroxidase activity in grower and finisher swine. J. Anim. Sci. 74, 2967-2974.

26.
Mateo, R. D., Spallholz, J. E., Elder, R., Yoon, I., and Kim, S. W. (2007) Efficacy of dietary selenium sources on growth and carcass characteristics of growing-finishing pigs fed diets containing high endogenous selenium. J. Anim. Sci. 85, 1177-1183. crossref(new window)

27.
Matte, J. J., Robert, S., Girard, C. L., Farmer, C., and Martineau, G. P. (1994) Effect of bulky diets based on wheat bran or oat hulls on reproductive performance of sows during their first two parities. J. Anim. Sci. 72, 1754-1760.

28.
Mroz, Z., Partridge, G., Mitchell, G., and Keal, H. D. (1986) The effects for oat hulls added to the basal ration for pregnant sows on reproductive performance, apparent digestibiliy, rate of passage and plasma parameters. J. Sci. Food Agric. 37, 239-247. crossref(new window)

29.
Neve, J. (1996) Selenium as a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. J. Cardiovasc. Risk 3, 42-47. crossref(new window)

30.
NRC (1998) Nutrient requirements of Swine. 10th revised edition. National Academy Press, Washington, DC.

31.
Ortman, K. and Pehrson, B. (1999) Effect of selenate as a feed supplement to dairy cows in comparison to selenite and selenium yeast. J. Anim. Sci. 77, 3365-3370.

32.
Park, B. Y., Cho, S. H., Kim, J. H., Lee, S. H., Hwang, I. H., Kim, D. H., Kim, W. Y., and Lee, J. M. (2005) Effects of organic selenium supplementation on meat quality of Hanwoo steers. J. Anim. Sci. Technol. (Kor.) 47, 277-282. crossref(new window)

33.
Park, B. Y., Cho, S. H., Seong, P. N., Hah, K. H., Lee, S. H., Hwang, I. H., Kim, D. H., Kim, W. Y., Lee, J. M., and Ahn, J. N. (2006) Effect of selenium sources on meat quality of Hanwoo steers. J. Anim. Sci. Technol. (Kor.) 48, 603-610. crossref(new window)

34.
Park, D. Y., Park, J. K., Cho, S. B., and Kim, C. H. (2010) Effects of dried whole crop barley treated with cellulolytic microorganisms on In vitro fermentation characteristics in swine. J. Kor. Grassl. Forage Sci. 30, 179-190. crossref(new window)

35.
Rock, M. J., Kincaid, R. L., and Carstens, G. E. (2001) Effects of prenatal source and level of dietary selenium on passive immunity and thermometabolism of newborn lambs. Small Ruminant Res. 40, 129-138. crossref(new window)

36.
Rotruck, J. T., Pope, A. L., Grather, H. F., Hafeman, D. G., Swanson, A. B., and Hoekstra, W. G. (1973) Selenium: Biochemical role as a component of glutathione peroxidase. Science 179, 588-590. crossref(new window)

37.
Salonen, J.T., Salonen, R., Seppanen, K., Kantola, M., Parviainen, M., Alfthan, G., Maenpaa, P.H., Taskinen, E., and Rauramaa, R. (1988) Relationship of serum selenium and antioxidants to plasma lipoproteins, platelet aggregability and prevalent ischaemic heart disease in Eastern Finnish men. Atherosclerosis, 70, 155-160. crossref(new window)

38.
SAS (2000) SAS/STAT$SAS/STAT{(R)}$ User's guide (Release 8.1 ed.). Statistics, SAS Inst, Inc., Cary, NC.

39.
Wendel, A. (1989) Selenium in biology and medicine. Springer- Verlag, Berlin. pp. 3-325.

40.
World Health Organization. (1996) Selenium. In Trace elements in human nutrition and lealth, Geneva, pp. 105-122.

41.
Zachara, B. A. Mikolajczak, J., and Trafikowska, U. (1993) Effect of various dietary selenium (Se) intakes on tissue Se levels and glutathione peroxidase activities in lambs. Zentralbl. Veterinarmed. A. 40, 310-318. crossref(new window)

42.
Zoiopoulos, P. E., English, P. R., and Topps, J. H. (1983) A note on intake and digestibiliy of a fibrous diet self fed to primiparous sows. Anim. Prod. J. Agric. Sci. 37, 153-156. crossref(new window)