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Antioxidant Activity of Sansa (Crataegi fructus) and Its Application to the Pork Tteokgalbi
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 Title & Authors
Antioxidant Activity of Sansa (Crataegi fructus) and Its Application to the Pork Tteokgalbi
Lee, Jae-Joon; Lee, Jung-Sun; Choi, Yang-Il; Lee, Hyun-Joo;
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This study was performed to investigate the antioxidant effect of Sansa (Crataegi fructus) extract in vitro, and to evaluate the functional effects of Sansa powder addition on the quality properties and storage characteristics of Tteokgalbi. Total polyphenol and flavonoid contents of Sansa extract were found to be 127.00 mg/g and 54.05 mg/g, respectively. The DPPH radical scavenging activity of Sansa extract was high and it was similar to the BHA and BHT. The Tteokgalbi was prepared by 0% (N), 0.1% (S1), 1% (S2), and 2% (S3) of the Sansa Powder. Addition of Sansa powder decreased the protein and lipid contents, but the ash content was significantly increased (p<0.05). Increasing the amount of Sansa powder in the pork Tteokgalbi tended to increase the water holding capacity (WHC) values and the cooking loss (p<0.05). The addition of Sansa powder increased the hardness and chewiness values, but did not affect the cohesiveness and springiness values. In the sensory evaluation, the S3 Tteokgalbi had the best score in color. Values of pH, total microbial counts, thiobarbituric acid (TBA) and volatile basic nitrogen (VBN) values decreased significantly added Sansa powder relative to the normal (p<0.05). The S3 Tteokgalbi was significantly (p<0.05) more effective for delaying lipid peroxidation than the other groups. Sansa powder addition increased the L (lightness) and a (redness) values. Therefore, the results demonstrate that adding the Sansa powder to the pork Tteokgalbi tended to improve antioxidative and antimicrobial effects during the chilled storage period.
Crataegi fructus;pork Teokgalbi;thiobarbituric acid value;quality;
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