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Effect of Charcoal Broiling on the Formation of Volatile Compounds in Gamma-Irradiated Dakgalbi, a Korean Chicken-Based Food
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 Title & Authors
Effect of Charcoal Broiling on the Formation of Volatile Compounds in Gamma-Irradiated Dakgalbi, a Korean Chicken-Based Food
Kang, Geon-Ok; Yoon, Young-Min; Kim, Jae-Kyung; Song, Beom-Seok; Byun, Eui-Baek; Kim, Jae-Hun; Lee, Ju-Woon; Park, Jong-Heum;
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The purpose of this study is to evaluate the change of volatile compounds in Dakgalbi cooked by charcoal broiling. Fresh deboned and marinated chicken meat was cooked by electric-pan frying or charcoal broiling and subsequently irradiated with a dose of 0, 10 and 20 kGy. Volatile components from Dakgalbi were analyzed using solid phase micro-extraction gas chromatography - mass spectrometry (SPME GC-MS) and identified through the comparison of mass spectrum database. SPME GC-MS analysis shows that a total of 32 volatiles were identified. Among them, aldehydes such as hexanal and octanal, which have relevance to off-flavors such as green, paint, metallic, bean and rancid were detected in Dakgalbi cooked by both methods. However, the contents were less detected in the Dakgalbi cooked by charcoal broiling than in the Dakgalbi cooked by electric-pan frying. Gamma-irradiation caused the change in the formation of these aldehydes in cooked Dakgalbi. The irradiation significantly increased the contents of hexanal and octanal in Dakgalbi cooked by electric-pan frying and a similar increase was found in Dakgalbi cooked by charcoal broiling. However, the contents of the off-flavors were much less in the latter. The results suggest that charcoal broiling might be more effective than electric-pan frying for the reduction of the contents of off-flavor such as hexanal and octanal increased in Dakgalbi by gamma-irradiation.
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