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Geographic information system (GIS) analysis on the distribution of patients visiting at a dental college hospital: a pilot study
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 Title & Authors
Geographic information system (GIS) analysis on the distribution of patients visiting at a dental college hospital: a pilot study
Joo, Hyun-Tae; Jeong, Byung-Joon; Cho, In-Woo; Shin, Hyun-Seung; Lim, Mi-Hwa; Park, Jung-Chul;
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Purpose: The aims of this study are to analyze and to visualize distribution of patients visiting at a dental college hospital, using geographic information system (GIS). The visualized data can be utilized in patient care and treatment planning, ultimately leading to the assessment of risk evaluation and prevention of dental diseases. Materials and Methods: Patient information data was obtained from Dankook University Dental Hospital including the unit number, gender, date of birth, and address from 2007 to 2014. Patient distribution was visualized using GIS. Statistical analyses were performed using SAS 9.3 and ArcGIS 10.1. Five factors including proximity, accessibility, age, gender, and socioeconomic status were investigated as the explanatory variables of the patient distribution. Results: The visualized patient data showed a nationwide scale of the patient distribution. There was a little difference in characteristics for each department. As closer at Dankook University Dental Hospital, visitors increased. And it strongly showed that elderly patients in rural areas tend to visit more. Conclusion: The distribution of patients has been shown to be significantly affected by the proximity, accessibility, age, gender and socioeconomic status. The underlying reason remains to be further studied.
geographic information system;dental diseases;epidemiology;
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