Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Comparison of Musculoskeletal Characteristics and Bone Mineral Density Related Factors between Male and Female University Students
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Journal of muscle and joint health
  • Volume 20, Issue 3,  2013, pp.161-170
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Muscle and Joint Health
  • DOI : 10.5953/JMJH.2013.20.3.161
 Title & Authors
Comparison of Musculoskeletal Characteristics and Bone Mineral Density Related Factors between Male and Female University Students
Choi, Seung-Hye; Lee, Haeyoung; Park, MiJeong; Park, Seungmi;
  PDF(new window)
Purpose: This study is intended to compare musculoskeletal characteristics and Bone Mineral Density (BMD)-related factors between male and female students in a university. Methods: This descriptive study used self-report questionnaires and physical measurements to collect data. Subjects were 64 male and 67 female university students. The questionnaires asked BMD-related factors such as diet, exercise, mental health, and lifestyle. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, -test, Fisher's exact test and correlation analysis. Results: The male group showed better back strength, balance, endurance, physical activity, and musculoskeletal health management than the female group. Depression and smoking rates were higher in the male group than in the female group. No difference was found in diet between the two groups. Conclusion: The results suggest to develop gender-specific strategies to increase BMD in university students.
Young adult;Bone density;Diet;Life style;Exercise;
 Cited by
Ahn, H. S., Kim, H. S., & Lee, S. S. (2005). A study of factors affecting bone mineral density in Korean adolescents: Anthropometric measurements, life style, and other environmental factors. The Korean Journal of Nutrition, 38 (3), 242-250.

Black, J. M., & Hwaks, J. H. (2009). Medical-surgical nursing: Clinical management for positive outcomes (8th ed.). Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders.

Bolton, J. G., Patel, S., Lacey, J. H., & White, S. (2005). A prospective study of changes in bone turnover and bone density associated with regaining weight in women with anorexia nervosa. Osteoporosis International, 16 (12), 1955-1962. http:// 10.1007/s00198-005-1972-7 crossref(new window)

Chang, H. S., & Kim, M. R. (2003). A study on the anthropometry and health-related lifestyle habits of women college students in Kunsan. Korean Journal of Community Nutrition, 8 (4), 526-537.

Cho, D. S., & Lee, J. Y. (2008). Bone mineral density and factors affecting in female college student. Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing, 14 (4), 297-305. crossref(new window)

Chung, N. Y., & Choi, S. N. (2002). Body mass index and food habits of female university students in Seoul. The Journal of Korean Society of Food & Cookery Science, 18 (5), 505-515.

Ha, Y. C. (2011). Epidemiology and economic burden of osteoporosis in South Korea. Journal of the Korean Fracture Society, 24 (1), 114-120. crossref(new window)

Hallstrom, H., Melhus, H., Glynn, A., Lind, L., Syvanen, A. C., & Michaelsson, K. (2010). Coffee consumption and CYP1A2g genotype in relation to bone mineral density of the proximal femur in elderly men and women: A cohort study. Nutrition & Metabolism, 7 (1), 12. crossref(new window)

Jeong, D. S. (2005). The effect of regular exercise for bone mineral density and muscle strength in female undergraduate students. The Korean Journal of the Elementary Physical Education, 11 (1). 87-95.

Kim, B. H., & Choi, J. H. (2009). Perceived body image, intentional caloric restriction and physical manifestations of unbalanced nutrition according to body mass index in fifth and sixth grade elementary school students. Journal of Korean Academic Child Health of Nursing, 15 (4), 359-366. crossref(new window)

Kim, J. H., Jung, M. K., Hong, Y. P., Park, J. D., & Choi, B. S. (2013). Physical activity in adolescence has a positive effect on bone mineral density in young men. Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, 46 (2), 89-95. crossref(new window)

Kim, J. N., & Seo, J. H. (2004). A study on the life style and bone mineral density of women college students by body mass index. Food Industry and Nutrition, 9 (2), 41-45.

Kim, K. I., Kim, J. W., & Won, H. T. (1984). SCL-90-R (Symptom Checklist-90-Revision). Seoul: Jungang Aptitude Publisher.

Kim, S. C., & Kwon, D. M. (2005). The relation between a practical life and a bone mineral density for college students. Journal of Radiological Science and Technology, 28 (3), 235-239.

Kim, S. D., Yun, E. S., Chang, M. S., Park, Y. A., Jung, S. O., Kim, D. G., et al. (2009). Survey of daily caffeine intakes from children's beverage consumption and the effectiveness of nutrition education. Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, 38 (6), 709-720. crossref(new window)

Kohrt, W. M., Bloomfield, S. A., Little, K. D., Nelson, M. E., & Yingling, V. R. (2004). American college of sports medicine position stand: Physical activity and bone health. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 36 (11), 1985-1996. crossref(new window)

Korean Society for Bone and Mineral Research. (2011). Physician's Guide for Diagnosis and Treatment of Osteoporosis 2011. Seoul: Author.

Kwon, S. M., Lee, B. K., & Kim, H. S. (2009). Relation between nutritional factors and bone status by broadband ultrasound attenuation among college students. Journal of The Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, 38 (11), 1551-1558. crossref(new window)

Lee, D. T., Seo, Y. S., Son, Y. S., Moon, E. M., & Jin, Y. J. (2007). Estimation of physical activity levels using international physical activity questionnaires (IPAQ) and its reliability for overweight middle aged women. Journal of the Korean Society of Living Environmental System, 14 (1), 1-8.

Lucas, R., Fraga, S., Ramos, E., & Barros, H. (2012). Early initiation of smoking and alcohol drinking as a predictor of lower forearm bone mineral density in late adolescence: A cohort study in girls. PLoS One, 7 (10), e46940. http://dx. crossref(new window)

Michelson, D., Stratakis, C., Hill, L., Reynolds, J., Galliven, E., Chrousos, G., et al. (1996). Bone mineral density in women with depression. The New England Journal of Medicine, 335 (16), 1176-1181. crossref(new window)

Ministry of Health and Welfare. (2012). Korea Health Statistics 2011: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V-2). Seoul: Author.

Nguyen, V. H. (2012). Osteoporosis prevention and motivation for weight-bearing physical activity and calcium consumption. Perspect Public Health, 132 (6), 276. crossref(new window)

Oikonen, M., Hintsanen, M., Laaksonen, M., Mikkila, V., Kahonen, M., Lehtimaki, T., et al. (2013). Depressive symptoms are associated with lower bone mineral density in young adults with high job strain: The cardiovascular risk in young Finns study. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine. crossref(new window)

Province, M. A., Hadley, E. C., Hornbrook, M. C., Lipsitz, L. A., Miller, J. P., Mulrow, C. D., et al. (1995). The effects of exercise on falls in elderly patients: A preplanned meta-analysis of the FICSIT trials. Frailty and injuries: Cooperative studies of intervention techniques. The Journal of American Medical Association, 273 (17), 1341-1347. crossref(new window)

Schweiger, U., Weber, B., Deuschle, M., & Heuser, I. (2000). Lumbar bone mineral density in patients with major depression: Evidence of increased bone loss at follow-up. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 151 (11), 1691-1693.

Song, Y. J., & Paik, H. Y. (2003). Effects of dietary, biochemical and other factors on bone mineral density change for 2 years in Korean college women. The Korean Journal of Nutrition, 36 (2), 175-182.

The Naeil News. (2013, June 13). Retrieved June 29, 2013, from

Welten, D. C., Kemper, H. C. G., Post, G. B., van Mechelen, W., Twisk, J., Lips, P., et al. (1994). Weight-bearing activity during youth is a more important factor for peak bone mass than calcium intake. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 9 (7), 1089-1096. crossref(new window)

Wuster, C., Heilmann, P., Pereira-Lima, J., Schlegel, J., Anstatt, K., & Soballa, T. (1998). Quantitative ultrasonometry (QUS) for the evaluation of osteoporosis risk: Reference data for various measurement sites, limitations and application possibilities. Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology and Diabetes, 106 (4), 277-288. crossref(new window)