Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Safety Consciousness of the Elderly Living Alone
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Journal of muscle and joint health
  • Volume 20, Issue 3,  2013, pp.180-188
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Muscle and Joint Health
  • DOI : 10.5953/JMJH.2013.20.3.180
 Title & Authors
Safety Consciousness of the Elderly Living Alone
Kang, Youngsil; Jung, Sun Jae;
  PDF(new window)
Purpose: This study aims to explore the effect of physical, emotional and environmental status on safety consciousness of the elderly who live alone. Methods: A total of 228 participants were the elderly living alone aged 65 years and older. Three questionnaires were developed to measure safety consciousness, physical status, and environmental status by researchers. Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) was used to evaluate emotional status of the elderly. Data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression. Results: Average scores of participants were (range 0~6) for physical status, (range 0~15) for environmental status, (range 0~15) for GDS and (range 0~37) for safety consciousness. Safety consciousness was significantly associated with education, marital status, drinking, and depression as emotional status. These variables explained 13.6% of the variance in safety consciousness. Conclusion: The levels of safety consciousness among the elderly living alone were low. Education, marital status, drinking, and depression were the factors affecting safety consciousness. Risk assessment and management of these factors are needed to increase safety consciousness of the elderly.
Safety consciousness;The elderly;
 Cited by
Improving the Service Delivery System for Older Adults Living Alone in Korea, Journal of Social Service Research, 2016, 1  crossref(new windwow)
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality [AHRQ]. (2004). Hospital survey on patient culture (04-0041). AHRQ publication. Retrieved at July, 2012. from

Bae, J. Y., Chung, S. T., Sohn, H. S., Park, H. J., & Cho, S. I. (2012). A study on the safety awareness & behavior of the citizens of Busan. Journal of Safety and Crisis Management, 8 (1), 197-214.

Cho, M. J., Ha, Y. S., Han, K. J., Park, S. A., Song, M. S., Kim, Y. I., et al. (1999). Depressive symptoms in a Korean rural sample-risk factor and factor structure. Journal of Korean Neuropsychiatric Association, 38 (2), 266-277.

Choi, K. W., & Lee, I. S. (2010). Fall risk in low-income elderly people in one urban area. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, 40 (4), 589-598. crossref(new window)

Dellinger, A. M., & Stevens, J. A. (2006). The injury problem among older adults: Mortality, morbidity and costs. Journal of Safety Research, 37 (5), 519-522. crossref(new window)

Findorff, M. J., Wyman, J. F., Nyman, J. A., & Croghan, C. F. (2007). Measuring the direct healthcare costs of a fall injury event. Nursing Research, 56 (4), 283-287.

Gillespie, L. D., Robertson, M. C., Gillespie, W. J, Sherrington, C., Gates, S., Clemson, L. M., et al. (2012). Interventions for preventing falls in older people living in the community. The Cochrane Database System Review, 12 (9):CD007146. crossref(new window)

Han, D. H., & Jung, S. I. (2009). A study on technical high school teachers' consciousness of prevention safety accidents. Proceedings of the Safety Management and Science Conference, 2009 (1), 203-213.

Han, S. H. (2002). The Status of safety accident and safety health education and risk factors of safety accident among the selected high school students. Journal of Korean Society for Health Education and Promotion, 19 (1), 1-15.

Health Quality Ontario. (2008). Prevention of falls and fall-related injuries in community-dwelling seniors: An evidence-based analysis. Ontario Health Technical Assessment Service, 8 (2), 1-78.

Huang, H. C., Gau, M. L., Lin, W. C., & George, K. (2003). Assessing risk of falling in older adults. Public Health Nursing, 20 (5), 399-411. crossref(new window)

Hwang, O. N. (1998). A Survey study on factors associated with falls among elderly. The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Adult Nursing, 10 (2), 337-352.

Jang, M. C. (2012). Hospital nurses' perception about patient safety culture and their activities for the fall prevention of the elderly. Unpublished master's thesis, Hanyang University, Seoul.

Jeon, M. Y., Jeong, H. C., & Choi, M. A. (2001). A study on the elderly patients hospitalized by the fracture from the fall. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, 31 (3), 443-453.

Jung, M. A., Park, K. M., & Kwon, Y. S. (2000), Effects of school safety education on the safety behavior among elementary school students in Korea. The Journal of Korean Community Nursing, 11 (2), 566-576.

Kendrick, D., Young, B., Mason-Jones, A. J., Ilyas. N., Achana, F. A., Cooper, N. J., et al.(2013). Home safety education and provision of safety equipment for injury prevention (Review). Evidence Based Child Health, 8 (3), 761-939. crossref(new window)

Kim, E. K., Lee, J. C., & Eom, M. R. (2008). Falls risk factors of inpatients. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, 38 (5), 676-684. crossref(new window)

Kim, H. W. (2002). A study on the Development of the Measuring Scale of Safety Consciousness. Unpublished master's thesis, Ewha Womans University, Seoul.

Kim, J. T. (2010). The study for factors influencing construction worker's safety consciousness. Unpublished master's thesis, Soongsil University, Seoul.

Korea Consumer Agency. (2010). Survey on the safety accidents of elderly. Retrieved at July 2013 from https://www.kca. ConfigNo=154&CategoryNo=&ctx=&pagesize=15&sk=boa rdTitle&sv=%BE%C8%C0%FC%BB%E7%B0%ED&boardNo=15228

Lee, H. S. (1998). Korean dictionary. Minjungseolim: Paju.

Lee, J. H., & Park, M. H. (2007). The Effects of an education program for safe drug use in the rural elderly. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, 37 (3), 295-304.

Lee, K. J., Lee, M. R., & Cho, Y. H. (2008). A study on safety awareness and accidents in elders. Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing, 10 (1), 48-57.

Ministry of Health & Welfare [MHW]. (2012). Survey of elderly people. Retrieved at July 2013 from front/statData/publicationView.jsp?menuId=41&bbsSeq=7&nttSeq=20275&searchKey=&searchWord=&nPage=1

National Emergency Management Agency [NEMA]. (2007). Development of Behavior Change Model and Safety Consciousness Index. Seoul: Author.

National Emergency Management Agency [NEMA]. (2010). National Survey of PSCI: Public Safety Consciousness Index. Seoul: Author.

Shin, K. R., Kim, J. S., & Shin, S. J. (2004). The effects of safety accident prevention program on safety accident related knowledge, attitude and activity of low income elderly women. Journal of Korean Gerontological Society, 24 (4), 53-67.

Sim, E. S. (2004). Safety-awareness, safety-practice and accident occurrence among elementary students. Journal of Korea Community Health Nursing Academic Society, 18 (2), 258-275.

Tanaka, M., Kosaga, M., Ushijima, K., & Watanabe, C. (2012). Association between depression and fall risk among elderly community residents. Nihon Ronen Igakkai, Zasshi, 49 (6),760-766. crossref(new window)

Yun, E. S. (2012). Fall prediction model for community-dwelling elders based on gender. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, 42 (6), 810-818. crossref(new window)