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Identifying Characteristics of Fall Episodes and Fall-related Risks of Hospitalized Patients
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  • Journal title : Journal of muscle and joint health
  • Volume 22, Issue 3,  2015, pp.149-159
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Muscle and Joint Health
  • DOI : 10.5953/JMJH.2015.22.3.149
 Title & Authors
Identifying Characteristics of Fall Episodes and Fall-related Risks of Hospitalized Patients
Kang, Young Ok; Song, Rhayun;
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Purpose: This study aimed to identify falls and related risks of hospitalized patients in order to provide an baseline data to develop effective nursing intervention programs for fall prevention. Methods: The data on 120 patients who experienced falls from 2010 to 2013 during their hospitalization were collected from the patient' electronic medical records of an university hospital. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics using SPSS/WIN 20.0. Results: Over 60% of the patients who experienced falls during their hospitalization was 65 years or older, and most of them had hypertension. Majority of the subjects needed help to perform daily activities (64%) and complained of general weakness (49.2%). Prior to the falls, the patients were taking average 2.52 medications to treat hypertension. The Fall accident was mostly frequently occurred in their hospital room (59.2%), or in bed (44.2%). The patients aged 70 years and older were significantly less alert than younger group, and taking more cardiovascular medications. Most fall risk factors were not significantly different for age, gender, and department category. Conclusion: The study findings suggest the need to emphasize the nurses to be more actively aware of fall risk factors and to provide aggressive interventions for preventing falls in hospitalized patients.
 Cited by
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