JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effect of Tai Chi Exercise on Fatigue, Anxiety, and Sleep Patterns in Nursing Students
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Journal of muscle and joint health
  • Volume 23, Issue 1,  2016, pp.61-69
  • Publisher : Korean Society of Muscle and Joint Health
  • DOI : 10.5953/JMJH.2016.23.1.61
 Title & Authors
Effect of Tai Chi Exercise on Fatigue, Anxiety, and Sleep Patterns in Nursing Students
Park, Young Ju; Kim, Ja Ok;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the Tai Chi exercise program (Sun style 31 forms) on fatigue, anxiety, and sleep patterns in nursing students. Methods: A quasi-experimental study with a non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used. Nursing students who participated in this study were assigned to an experimental group (n=24), and a control group (n=26). The experimental group participated in Tai Chi exercise program for 60 minutes per session, and 3 times a week for 7 weeks. The Tai Chi exercise program consisted of 10 minutes for warm-up, 45 minutes for main session, and 5 minutes for cooling down exercises. The data were collected prior and after the intervention using self-administered questionnaires. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, -test, Fisher's exact probability, t -test, and the general linear model. Results: After the application of the program, the experimental group showed a significant difference in fatigue (F=20.62, p<.001), anxiety (F=16.96, p<.001), and sleep pattern (F=15.70, p<.001) scores. Conclusion: These findings show that the Tai Chi exercise program can be an effective nursing intervention to improve sleep pattern and to reduce fatigue and anxiety in nursing students.
 Keywords
Fatigue;Anxiety;Sleep;Tai Chi;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
Caldwell, K., Harrison, M., Adams, M., & Triplett, N. T. (2009). Effect of pilates and taijiquan training on self- efficacy, sleep quality, mood, and physical performance of college students. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 13(2), 155-163. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbmt.2007.12.001 crossref(new window)

2.
Dechamps, A., Lafont, L., & Bourdel-Marchasson, I. (2007). Effects of Tai Chi exercises on self-efficacy and psychological health. European Review of Aging and Physical Activity, 4(1), 25-32. crossref(new window)

3.
Faul, F., Erdfelder, E., Lang, A-G., & Buchner, A. (2007). G$^*$Power 3: A flexible statistical power analysis program for the social, behavioral, and biomedical sciences. Behavior Research Methods, 39(2), 175-191. crossref(new window)

4.
Field, T., Diego, M., & Hernandez-Rief, M. (2010). Tai Chi/Yoga effects on anxiety, heart rate, EEG and math computations. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 16(4), 235-238. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ctcp.2010.05.014 crossref(new window)

5.
Han, S. S., Bak, W. S., & Yang, H. I. (2007). The effect of a Tai Chi self-help program for fibromyalgia patient. Journal of Muscle and Joint Health, 14(2), 169-180.

6.
Jeong, Y. T. (2013). Effects of goalball exercise on mood state, physical self-efficacy, and exercise task abilities of college students. Journal of Korea Society for Wellness, 9(3), 175-188.

7.
Kim, C. H. (2005). A study on the effects of Tai Chi training on the recognized health. Unpublished master's thesis, Daejeon University, Daejeon.

8.
Kim, G. M., & Cha, S. K. (2013). Influence of emotional awareness, emotional expressivness, and ambivalence over emotional expressiveness on college student adjustment in freshman nursing students. Journal of the Korea Contents Association, 13 (1), 322-332.

9.
Kim, J. T. (1978). The relationship between trait anxiety and social tendency - Based on Spielberger's STAI. Unpublished master's thesis, Korea University, Seoul.

10.
Kiraly, M. A., & Kiraly, S. J. (2005). The effect of exercises on hippocampal integrity: Review of recent research. International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 35(1), 75-89. http://dx.doi.org/10.2190/HX7L-4B40-PQNY-2A4P crossref(new window)

11.
Lam, P. (2000). A handbook for Tai Chi for arthritis. Narwee: East Acton Publishing.

12.
Lam, P. (2006). Teaching Tai Chi effectively. Australia: Tai Chi Production.

13.
Lee, Y. K., & Kim, H. L. (2014). The relationship of ego resilience and involvement with the experience of anxiety and perceived stress in nursing students. Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial Cooperation Society, 15(4), 1953-1962. crossref(new window)

14.
Li, J. (2012). Effect of Tai Chi training on functional fitness and walking ability in elderly women. Unpublished master's thesis, Gachon University, Incheon.

15.
Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism. (2012). 2012 report on survey. Retrieved July 15, 2015, from www. mcst.go.kr

16.
Nabkasorn, C., Miyai, N., Sootmongkol, A., Junprasert, S., Yamamoto, H., Arita, M., et al. (2006). Effects of physical exercise on depression, neuroendocrine stress hormones and physiological fitness in adolescent females with depressive symptoms. European Journal of Public Health, 16(2), 179-184. crossref(new window)

17.
Oh, J. J., Song, M. S., & Kim, S. M. (1998). Development and validation of Korean sleep scale A. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, 28(3), 563-572.

18.
Park, H. J., Kim, M. Y., & Jung, D. Y. (2008). The effect of stress, social support and self- efficacy on the mental health of female undergraduate students. Korean Journal of Fundamentals of Nursing, 15(4), 513-521.

19.
Park, I. S., Kim, C. S., Kim, R., Kim, Y. J., & Park, M. H. (2005). Stress, anxiety, and fatigue of nursing students in clinical practice. Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, 11(2), 151-160.

20.
Park, J. A., & Kim, S. Y. (2014). Effect of Tai Chi exercise on physical fitness and quality of life in elderly women. Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing, 17(1), 38-47. http://dx.doi.org/10.7587/kjrehn.2014.38 crossref(new window)

21.
Park, Y. J., & Park, I. H. (2006). Effect of Tai Chi exercise on fatigue, stress, and quality of life in middle aged women. Journal of Muscle and Joint Health, 13(1), 20-30.

22.
Park, Y. J., & Park, I. H. (2010). Effect of Tai Chi exercise on loneliness, sleep pattern, and instrumental activities of daily living in elderly women. Journal of Muscle and Joint Health, 17 (2), 151-161. crossref(new window)

23.
Shin, E. J., & Kim, N. C. (2008). Effects of power walking exercise on fatigue, blood lipids, and body composition in overweight Korean college students with taeumin constitution. Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, 20(4), 561-572.

24.
Song, Y. S. (2012). Stressful life events and quality of life in nursing students. Journal of Korean Academy Society of Nursing Education, 18(1), 71-80. crossref(new window)

25.
Spielberger, C. D., Gorsuch, R. L., & Lushene, R. E. (1970). Manual for State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Palo Alto: California Consulting Psychologist Press.

26.
Tsatsoulis, A., & Fountoulakis, S. (2006). The protective role of exercise on stress system dysregulation and comorbidities. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1083, 196-213. crossref(new window)

27.
Wall, R. B. (2005). Tai Chi and mindfulness-based stress reduction in a Boston public middle school. Journal of Pediatric Health Care, 19(4), 230-237. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pedhc.2005.02.006 crossref(new window)

28.
Wang, Y .T., Taylor, L., Pearl, M., & Chang, L .S. (2004). Effect of Tai Chi exercise on physical and mental health of college students. American Journal of Chinese Medicine, 32(3), 453-459. http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S0192415X04002107 crossref(new window)

29.
Yoo, J. S., Chang, S. J., Choi, E. K., & Park, J. W. (2008). Development of a stress scale for Korean nursing students. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, 38(3), 410-419. crossref(new window)

30.
Zhang, L., Layne, C., Lowder, T., & Liu, J. (2012). A review focused on the psychological effectiveness of Tai Chi on different populations. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2012, 1-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/678107 crossref(new window)