Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Development of Primary Standard Gas Mixtures for Monitoring Monoterpenes (α-pinene, 3-carene, R-(+)-limonene, 1,8-cineole) Ambient Levels (at 2 nmol/mol)
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Development of Primary Standard Gas Mixtures for Monitoring Monoterpenes (α-pinene, 3-carene, R-(+)-limonene, 1,8-cineole) Ambient Levels (at 2 nmol/mol)
Kang, Ji Hwan; Kim, Mi Eon; Kim, Young Doo; Rhee, Young Woo; Lee, Sangil;
  PDF(new window)
Among biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) in the natural ecosystem, monoterpenes, along with isoprene, play important roles in atmospheric chemistry and make significant impacts on air pollution and climate change, especially due to their contribution to secondary organic aerosol production and photochemical ozone formation. It is essential to measure monoterpene concentrations accurately for understanding their oxidation processes, emission processes and estimation, and interactions between biosphere and atmosphere. Thus, traceable calibration standards are crucial for the accurate measurement of monoterpenes at ambient levels. However, there are limited information about developing calibrations standards for monoterpenes in pressured cylinders. This study describes about developing primary standard gas mixtures (PSMs) for monoterpenes at about 2 nmol/mol, near ambient levels. The micro-gravimetric method was applied to prepare monoterpene (-pinene, 3-carene, R-(+)-limonene, 1,8-cineole) PSMs at and then the PSMs were further diluted to 2 nmol/mol level. To select an optimal cylinder for the development of monoterpene PSMs, three different kinds of cylinders were used for the preparation and were evaluated for uncertainty sources including long-term stability. Results showed that aluminum cylinders with a special internal surface treatment (Experis) had little adsorption loss on the cylinder internal surface and good long-term stability compared to two other cylinder types with no treatment and a special treatment (Aculife). Results from uncertainty estimation suggested that monoterpene PSMs can be prepared in pressured cylinders with a special treatment (Experis) at 2 nmol/mol level with an uncertainty of less than 4%.
Monoterpenes (-pinene, 3-carene, R-(+)-limonene, 1,8-cineole);Calibration standard;Primary standard gas mixture;BVOC;
 Cited by
Cho, K.T., J.C. Kim, and J.H. Hong (2006) A study on the comparison of biogenic VOC (BVOC) emissions estimates by BEIS and CORINAIR methodologies, Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, 22(2), 167-177.

Fuentes, J.D., M. Lerdau, R. Atkinson, D. Baldocchi, J.W. Bottenheim, P. Ciccioli, B. Lamb, C. Geron, L. Gu, A. Guenther, T.D. Sharkey, and W. Stockwell (2000) Biogenic hydrocarbons in the atmospheric boundary layer: A Review, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 81(7), 1537-1575. crossref(new window)

Guenther, A., C.N. Hewitt, D. Erickson, R. Fall, C. Geron, T. Graedel, P. Harley, L. Klinger, M. Lerdau, W.A. Mckay, T. Pierce, B. Schloes, R. Stenbrecher, R. Tallamraju, J. Taylor, and P. Zimmerman (1995) A global model of natural volatile organic compound emissions, Journal of Geophysical Research, 100 (D5), 8873-8892. crossref(new window)

Holgate, S.T., J.N. Samet, H.S. Koren, and R.L. Maynard (1999) Pollution, and Health, ACADEMIC PRESS, p. 121.

International Organization for Standardization (ISO), (2008) ISO/IEC Guide 98-3 Uncertainty of measurement, Guide to the expression of uncertainty in measurement: 2008 (GUM 1995).

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) (2015) ISO 6142-1 Gas analysis - Preparation of calibration gas mixtures - Part 1: Gravimetric method for Class I mixtures.

Kesselmeier, J. and M. Staudt (1999) Biogenic Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC): An Overview on Emission, Physiology and Ecology, Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry, 33(1), 23-88.

Penuelas, J. and J. Llusia (2003) BVOCs: plant defense against climate warming?, Trends in Plant Science, 8(3), 105-109. crossref(new window)

Penuelas, J. and M. Staudt (2010) BOVs and global change, Trends in Plant Science, 15(3), 133-144. crossref(new window)

Rhoderick, G.C. (2005) Long-term stability of hydrocarbons in NIST gas standard reference material (SRM) 1800, Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 383(1), 98-106. crossref(new window)

Rhoderick, G.C. and J. Lin (2013) Stability Assessment of Gas Mixtures Containing Monoterpenes in Varying Cylinder Materials and Treatments, Analytical Chemistry, 85 (9), 4675-4685. crossref(new window)

World Meteorological Organization (WMO), GAW Programme (2006) The German Contribution to the GAW Programme, WMO TD No. 1336