JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effect of Weight Shift Training with Electrical Sensory Stimulation Feedback on Standing Balance in Stroke patients
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effect of Weight Shift Training with Electrical Sensory Stimulation Feedback on Standing Balance in Stroke patients
Kim, Da-young; Cha, Yong-jun;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of weight shift training with electrical sensory simulation feedback on quiet standing balance in hemiplegic stroke patients. METHODS: 30 stroke patients were equally allocated at random to an experimental group or a control group. Patients in both two groups underwent comprehensive rehabilitation physical therapy for 30 minutes per day for 5 days per week for 4 weeks. Members of the experimental group received additional weight shift training with electrical sensory simulation feedback was conducted for 15 minutes after 30 minute sessions, whereas members of the control group underwent additional leftward/rightward weight shift training by themselves after 30 minutes per day for four weeks. COP (center of pressure) path lengths, COP velocities, and foot forces were measured before and immediately after the 4-week training period in both groups and results were compared. RESULTS: COP path lengths significantly decreased by 3% after training in the experimental group and this was significantly greater than that observed in the control group (p<0.05). In both groups, foot forces of affected sides showed significant increases after intervention, whereas foot forces of unaffected sides showed significant decreases (p<0.05). No significant difference was observed between the two groups with respect to these changes. CONCLUSION: Weight shift training using electrical sensory simulation feedback has a positive effect on quiet standing balance in hemiplegic stroke.
 Keywords
Weight shift training;Electrical sensory stimulation;Balance;Stroke;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
Ahn MH, Ahn CS. Comparison of effects of feedback vs repetitive task training on lower extremity function in patients with chronic hemiplegia. J Korean Soc Phys Med. 2011;6(1):9-17.

2.
Chinsongkram B, Chaikeeree N, Saengsirisuwan V, et al. Reliability and validity of the Balance Evaluation Systems Test (BESTest) in people with subacute stroke. Phys Ther. 2014;94(11):1632-43. crossref(new window)

3.
Craik RL. Clinical correlates of neural plasticity. Phys Ther. 1982;62(10):1452-62. crossref(new window)

4.
de Haan B, Stoll T, and Karnath HO. Early sensory processing in right hemispheric stroke patients with and without extinction. Neuropsychologia. 2015;73:141-50. crossref(new window)

5.
de Harrt M, Geurts AC, Huidekoper SC, et al. Recovery of standing balance in post-acute stroke patients: a rehabilitation cohort study. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2004;85(6):886-95. crossref(new window)

6.
Dickstein R, Nissan M, Pillar T, et al. Foot-ground pressure pattern of standing hemiplegic patients. Major characteristics and patterns of improvement. Phys Ther. 1984;64(1):19-23. crossref(new window)

7.
Jette DU, Latham NK, Smout RJ, et al. Physical therapy interventions for patients with stroke in inpatient rehabilitation facilities. Phys Ther. 2005;85(3):238-48.

8.
Johannsen L, Broetz D, and Karnath HO. Leg orientation as a clinical sign for pusher syndrome. BMC Neurol. 2006;6:30. crossref(new window)

9.
Jun HJ, Lee JS, Kim KJ, et al. Effect of auditory biofeedback training and kicking training on weight-bearing ratio in patients with hemiplegia. J Korean Soc Phys Med. 2014;9(4):363-73. crossref(new window)

10.
Koh K, Kwon HJ, Yoon BC, et al. The role of tactile sensation in online and offline hierarchical control of multifinger force synergy. Exp Brain Res. 2015; In press. crossref(new window)

11.
Kusoffsky A, Apel I, and Hirschfeld H. Reaching-lifting-placing task during standing after stroke: Coordination among ground forces, ankle muscle activity, and hand movement. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2001;82(5):650-60. crossref(new window)

12.
Kwon HR, Shin WS. The effects of visual direction control on balance and gait speed in patients with stroke. J Korean Soc Phys Med. 2013;8(3):425-31. crossref(new window)

13.
Laufer Y, Dickstein R, Resnik S, et al. Weight-bearing shifts of hemiparetic and healthy adults upon stepping on stairs of various heights. Clin Rehabil. 2000;14(2): 125-9. crossref(new window)

14.
Lee YW, Shin DC, Lee KJ, et al. The relation between asymmetric weight-supporting and gait symmetry in patients with stroke. J Korean Soc Phys Med. 2012;7(2):205-12. crossref(new window)

15.
Mehrpour M, Motamed MR, Aghaei M, et al. Unusual recovery of aphasia in a polyglot Iranian patient after ischemic stroke. Basic Clin Neurosci. 2014;5(2):173-5.

16.
Michaelsen SM, Dannenbaum R, Levin MF. Task-specific training with trunk restraint on arm recovery in stroke: randomized control trial. Stroke. 2006;37(1):186-92. crossref(new window)

17.
Plummer-D'Amato P, Altmann LJ, Saracino D, et al. Interactions between cognitive tasks and gait after stroke: a dual task study. Gait Posture. 2008;27(4):683-8. crossref(new window)

18.
Tyson SF, Hanley M, Chillala J, et al. Balance disability after stroke. Phys Ther. 2006;86(1):30-8. crossref(new window)

19.
Zhang S, Li L. The differential effects of foot sole sensory on plantar pressure distribution between balance and gait. Gait Posture. 2013;37(4):532-5. crossref(new window)