Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effect of using a Cell Phone on Gait Parameters in Healthy Young Adults: Texting and Texting while Listening to Music
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effect of using a Cell Phone on Gait Parameters in Healthy Young Adults: Texting and Texting while Listening to Music
Yu, Kyung-Hoon; Shim, Jae-Hun; Choung, Sung-Dae; Jeon, Hye-Seon;
  PDF(new window)
PURPOSE: Previous studies have shown that healthy young adults reduced gait velocity during texting or talking while walking. It was reported that increasing number of pedestrian accidents were related to distract the environmental attention. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of texting and texting while listening to music on gait parameters. METHODS: Texting and listening to music while walking were assessed in two dual-task condition using 35 healthy young adults. The outcome measurements were assessed in terms of spatiotemporal gait parameters in three walking conditions, namely, comfortable walking speed, walking while texting, and walking while texting and listening to music. To avoid learning effect, subjects were individually blinded to assessment schedule and space. The changes between the three walking conditions were analyzed using repeated measures ANOVA. RESULTS: When comparing the two dual-task conditions with the single-task condition, it was found that dual-task interference was increased in almost gait velocity, cadence, stride length, step time, double limb support, and single limb support. In addition, walking while texting and listening to music condition negatively was affected gait speed, stride length, and step time more than the texting only condition. CONCLUSION: Walking while texting and listening to music as well as waling while texting may decrease pedestrian safety when crossing streets by diverting the person's attention away from the street environment.
Texting;Music;Cell phone;Dual-task;Walking;
 Cited by
Atchley P, Atwood S, Boulton A. The choice to text and drive in younger drivers: behavior may shape attitude. Accid Anal Prev. 2011;43(1):134-42. crossref(new window)

Bellinger DB, Budde BM, Machida M, et al.. The effect of cellular telephone conversation and music listening on response time in braking. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour. 2009;12(6): 441-51. crossref(new window)

Bruijn SM, Meijer OG, van DJH, et al. Coordination of leg swing, thorax rotations, and pelvis rotations during gait: the organisation of total body angular momentum. Gait and Posture. 2008;27:455-62. crossref(new window)

Demura S, Uchiyama M. Influence of cell phone email use on characteristics of gait. European Journal of Sport Science. 2009;9(5):303-09. crossref(new window)

Hyman IE, Boss SM, Wise BM, et al. Did you see the unicycling clown? Inattentional blindness while walking and talking on a cell phone. Appl Cognit Psychol. 2010;24:597-607.

Kelly V, Eusterbrock AJ, Shumway-Cook A. Factors influencing dynamic prioritization during dual-task walking in healthy young adults. Gait Posture. 2013; 37:131-4. crossref(new window)

Lamberg EM, Muratori LM. Cell phones change the way we walk. Gait and Posture. 2012;35:688-90. crossref(new window)

Lopresti-Goodman SM, Rivera A, Dressel C. Practicing safe text: the impact of texting on walking behavior. Appl Cogn Psychol. 2012;26:644-8. crossref(new window)

Menz HB, Latt MD, Tiedemann A, et al. Reliability of the GAITRite walkway system for the quantification of temporo-spatial parameters of gait in young and older people. Gait Posture. 2004;20(1):20-5. crossref(new window)

Nasar JL, Troyer D. Pedestrian injuries due to mobile phone use in public places. Accid Anal Prev. 2013;57:91-5. crossref(new window)

Neider MB, Gaspar JG, McCarley JS, et al. Walking and talking: dual-task effects on street crossing behavior in older adults. Psychology and Aging. 2011;26:260-8. crossref(new window)

Nielsen JB. How we walk: central control of muscle activity during human walking, Neuroscientist. 2003;9:195-204. crossref(new window)

Pfeffer K, Barnecutt P. Children's auditory perception of movement of traffic sounds. Child: Care, Health, and Development. 1996;22:129-37. crossref(new window)

Plummer P, Apple S, Dowd C, et al. Texting and walking: effect of environmental setting and task prioritization on dual-task interference in healthy young adults. Gait Posture. 2015;41(1):46-51. crossref(new window)

Schabrun SM, van den Hoorn W, Moorcroft A, et al. Texting and Walking: Strategies for Postural Control and Impli cations for Safety. PLoS ONE. 2014;9(1):e84312. crossref(new window)

Schwebel DC, Stavrinos D, Byington KW, et al. Distraction and pedestrian safety: How talking on the phone, texting and listening to music impact crossing the street. Accid Anal Prev. 2012;45:266-71. crossref(new window)

St George RJ, Fitzpatrick RC. The sense of self-motion, orientation and balance explored by vestibular stimulation. J Physiol. 2011;589(4):807-13. crossref(new window)

Stavrinos D, Byington KW, Schwebel DC. Distracted walking: cell phones increase injury risk for college pedestrians. J Saf Res. 2011;42:101-7. crossref(new window)

Stokic DS, Horn TS, Ramshur JM, et al. Agreement between temporospatial gait parameters of an electronic walkway and a motion capture system in healthy and chronic stroke populations. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2009;88(6):437-44. crossref(new window)

Won JI. Effects of using a mobile phone on postural control. Phys Ther Kor. 2012;19(3):61-71.

Woollacott M, Shumway-Cook A. Attention and the control of posture and gait: a review of an emerging area of research. Gait Posture. 2002;16:1-14.

Yogev-Seligmann G, Hausdorff JM, Giladi N. The role of executive function and attention in gait. Mov Disord. 2008;23(3):329-42. crossref(new window)